In their article Smith, William & Frank,(2015) discuss the issue of wage gaps by comparing immigrants to native employees in the United States. According to the authors, America is one of the most common tourist destinations across the world and some of the main factors that make individuals from different countries to move into the United States include the search for better economic opportunities. The authors focus on identifying the wage differences between the immigrants of two countries and their major aim is to emphasize on the fact that there is a high wage difference between the immigrant American workers and the native American workers. Even though some common factors influence the wage differences almost in every country, most of the factors that determine wage differences among citizens tend to differ from one country to the other.
This paper uses a logical appeal to convince the readers that there is a close relationship between education and wage difference between immigrants and native American workers. The authors are particular when it comes to presenting the evidence and they use facts as the basis for their argument. Rather than making mere assumptions such as making general comments that the main cause of wage difference is lack of good and convenient networking and connections among the American immigrant workers, the authors are very specific in finding out the actual factors that contribute to such inequalities. They conduct extensive research on the same and they only give specific details based on the findings of the research. Firstly, they use the data from the Program of International Assessment of Adult Competencies which enables them to identify the wage differences among peers living in the United States.
This article is an informative article and its authors focus more on finding out data and information that is related to the wage differences among American workers, both immigrant and native. The authors seek out data from a variety of sources which helps to provide a basis for logical argument before they can finally raise their findings and conclusion. Instead of generally persuading the readers just to agree and believe that there are any assumed wage differences by using the emotional appeal, the authors are dedicated to finding out more detailed information that could be used to persuade the readers on the issue of wage inequality, the authors rather ensure that they first have adequate data related to their argument that would help them weave their points and argument easily and accurately. They then raise their points and back them up with the data collected, whereby the authors treat the audience as if they do not have any information or awareness about the existence of such an issue. The article begins with a very informative sentence in the abstract where it states that “The United States and Canada are destination countries for immigrants, attracting more than half of all Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) immigrants and two-thirds of the OECD immigrants who have received tertiary education”(Smith, William & Frank, 2015). By having such an opening, the article dedicates to being extensively informative and it does give any room for arguments and other types of persuasions.
The article uses a comparative aspect which in turn brings the cause and effect context. To start with, the article involves the research which focuses on both education and wage differences among both American and immigrant workers living in both the United States as natives and as immigrants. One of the main reason as to why the article emphasizes on and brings the concept of education into wage inequalities is because it centers its key recommendations and proposals on the importance of education as a solution to wage differences among immigrant and native American workers. The article informs that wage gaps can disappear for only some limited time before such gaps resume. Such a disappearance of wage gaps between the immigrant and native workers tends to happen when their occupational fields match all the workers. It argues that education is the main factor and aspect that makes the value for any effort related to manpower to be valued and respected. An individual who has proficient skills on some grounds and whose presence is highly beneficial to an organization has limited chances of being subjected to wage inequalities.
In their article, Smith, William & Frank, (2015) inform the readers on two main solutions to the issue of wage inequality. The first solution that could be used to reduce the cases of wage differences among workers today includes, ‘offering persistent aid in education by supporting the transition of immigrants into the American education system’ (Smith, William & Frank, 2015). Such an assertion highlights the difference between the American education system and other education systems that are used in other countries across the world. The article suggests that even though some immigrants may be armed in terms of educational qualifications, the teachings that are offered in the American system may differ from other systems in some parts. As a result, the immigrants can be assisted to overcome such differences by being refreshed and being helped to transit slowly from their older systems into the new American education system which would, in turn, make them more marketable in their professions.
The second solution that is provided by the authors states that the issue of wage differences can also be resolved by, ‘training educators to properly support learners that are culturally and linguistically diverse’ (Smith, William & Frank, 2015). Such a claim suggests that cultural diversity may also have some influence on wage inequalities as witnessed in the case between American immigrant workers and native American workers. The article uses a logical appeal to help the readers to identify that different cultures teach their members different values which in turn affect their productivity and effectiveness at their places of work. Making sure that the educators are culturally sensitive and that they can be able to support all learners regardless of their ethnic backgrounds.
In conclusion, the article by Smith, William & Frank, (2015) is more of an informative article that seeks to inform its readers about the differences in wages as presented in the case between immigrant and native American workers. The article informs that the immigrants are often imposed on lower wages mainly due to lack of enough essential educational skills which would help them to focus through specialization. By resolving the education sector in such a way that it becomes more inclusive, the issue of wage inequalities among the immigrant and native workers can be easily solved.
Smith, William, and Frank Fernandez. “Education and wage gaps: A comparative study of immigrant and native employees in the United States and Canada.” Program for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (2015).
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