world History

The Roman Empire believed in a variety of gods and goddesses before Christianity came into being and later on abandoned its culture. Christianity disseminated by the apostles and missionaries was perceived as a menace. Effects resulting from the shift of Greco-Roman culture to Christianity led to change in ways of worship, interference with the Roman rule by Germans leading to its downfall and the barbaric kingdom will take over[1]. Paganism was forbidden, and all temples valued by the Romans were destroyed. The three traditions played an imperative role in shaping the culture of Europe.

Exact boundaries for the period in which antiquity era ended is still a matter of discussion but, Brown suggests a period between 3rd and 8th century AD. This is because the Roman Empire underwent considerable change socially, culturally and economically splitting the empire into eastern and western halves ruled by multiple emperors. Many cities were destroyed by civil wars in the 3rd century, particularly in the Western Roman Empire and could not be rebuilt. The Classical Antiquity came to an end signifying the termination of the Polis Model and the overall reduction of cities. The middle age is believed to have begun between 5th to 15th centuries in the history of Europe following the fall of the western empire[2].

Although there were significant changes in society and political structures, the break with classical antiquity was not accomplished. The Byzantine Empire survived and concentrated on religion after fighting control over the Muslim even after the collapse of other empires. During this era, the Western Roman Empire fell under the weight of the barbaric army of the Byzantine Empire. It differs because the Western Roman Empire was under the invasion of Christianity by barbarians while the eastern empire continued with the Christian Roman of the late Antiquity era.

In the Roman Empire, where gods were mainly worshipped, Christianity was introduced in the fourth century which ultimately dominated the western culture. The middle age started with the collapse of the Roman Empire and consequently forth came into the rebirth and the dotage of discovery. Many changes came along with the difference in the political and religious structure in the Roman Empire.



Cascio, Elio Lo, and Laurens Ernst Tacoma. The Impact of Mobility and Migration In the Roman Empire. Leiden, Boston: Brill. Copyright, 2017.

Workman, Herbert B. Persecution in the early church. Amazon: Fb&c Limited, 2017.

[1] Herbert Workman, Persecution in the early church. (Amazon: Fb&c Limited, 2017) 86


[2] Elio Lo Cascio and Laurens Ernst Tacoma, The Impact of Mobility and Migration In the Roman Empire. (Leiden, Boston: Brill. Copyright, 2017) 91