Youth Bulge

Youth bulge or rather the predominance of young people in the society is a term used to describe a democratic pattern that comprises of young adults as well as children. Youth bulge is a crucial concept useful in understanding age-cohorts and emerging patterns. In other words, age-cohorts have a shared reality that is based on the political as well as economic conditions they have been raised in or subjected to. For instance, if the youth are subjected to an environment with resource scarcity, an issue mostly experienced in developing nations, it easy to assert that there will be violent conflict in this society. Scholars argue that youths, in most cases young men, carry out most acts of violence. This fact is best explained through the lens of what is currently happening in Afghanistan where the growing youth population has paralyzed the nation in a great deal, both economically and politically. According to social scientists, the demographic profile in this case youth bulge has the potential to destabilize nations in the developing world. In this paper, we examine the concept of youth bulge in aspects of violent conflict and a measure of its relativity of abundance in Afghanistan. We theoretically argue that violent conflict in Afghanistan is as result of youth bulge which has led to the economic conditions experienced today in this particular region. Possible implications and measures to curb youth bulge are further suggested.

According to peace and conflict studies, youth bulge discourse is often evaluated as a correlation that is mediated by various intervening variables. The fact signifies that the youth bulge increases the risk of violent conflict, risks mediated by two factors; social agency and structural conditions for young people. Looking at structural conditions or violence, these are processes that impact patterned systems of exclusion as well as inequality. In other words, the systems propagate marginalization, inequality, exclusion, and injustices that are crucial factors which affects the potential of performance for certain groups of people such as the youth. In most cases, these systems are socially constructed (LifePeace & INSTITUTE, paragraph 3). The claim that youth bulge leads to violent conflict has had a long history with the issue receiving great attention over resource scarcity as well as security implications arising from population pressure. Youth bulge, for instance, has become a significant explanation for the political violence being experienced in Egypt. In 2013,

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