USA Patriot Act was an act in the American Congress that was signed into the law on October 26, 2001, by President George Bush. The Act was all about promoting Uniting and also strengthening the Americans through the provision of appropriate tools that are required in the intercept and even obstruction of terrorism during the year 2001. The Act was as a result of 2001 anthrax attacks and even the September 11 attacks. The Act comprises of ten sections as follows:
Chapter 1: enhancing domestic security against terrorism
The section entails the enhancement of internal security among the residents to help in combating any form of insecurity that was experienced in the year 2001. The funding of the terrorist acts was funded by the FBI that led to mass destruction of the state, and through the impact, the state legislature had to pass a law that governed the country. The section condemned any form of racial afflictions among the nationalist that was promoted by the Sikh Americans who was the chief leader of the Muslims.
Section2: surveillance procedures
The section circled monitoring any form of terrorism that was suspected in computer-related devices like fraud, foreign powers that were involved in clandestine activities. It later changed its definition that was aimed at reducing any form of hampering that had taken place due to the removal of the wall that was between surveillance and the criminal investigations agents. The section and its operations were expanded during the FISA that involved the physical search, and the authority to share the gathered information in front of the federal grand jury agency.
Section 3: anti-money laundering to prevent terrorism
The section was aiming at preventing, detecting and also the prosecution any form of international money laundering activities and the financing of terrorism. Most of the attacks were funded by the money which was channelled from a foreign state, which had to enter the country illegally. The section, therefore, had an aim of keeping any form of records on all the sources of revenues more especially from the foreign states to try and control the funding if terrorist activities.
Section 4: border security
The section aims at amending immigration and the nationality Acts of the year 1952 so that they can give more powers to the investigative departments of the United States and the immigration department. The power was intended to facilitate in keeping guard of the borders with the neighbouring states, and also increase the border patrol activities. Through the section the automated system was created which promoted the screening and checking of immigrants and their luggage for security purposes.
Section 5: removing obstacles to the investigation of terrorism
Criminal activities to be controlled all forms of barriers created by either the private sector or the government must be curtailed using the supremacy means of deployment. The US government had introduced a system whereby whoever who could identify a terrorist to be awarded a token of $250, 000. According to the state Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956, is aimed at aligning the state government and private sectors to help in keeping the reward intact as a means of combating terrorism.
Section 6: victims of families of terrorism
The state according to the USA PATRIOT had to set aside a kitty responsible for funding victims of the violence because some of them are left homeless and also injured. Also, they seek foreign aids through grants if the impact of terrorism is so massive that the state cannot manage itself. Therefore, the country came up with VOCA, an organisation that compensates and assist such victims by reinstating them to their previous form of life.
Section 7: increased information sharing for critical infrastructure protection
The means of transport and communication are the best means of infrastructure that America dealt with during the revolution. Developed infrastructure was to aside in combating terrorism through facilitating the means of transport across the state. The section was achieved through the amendment of the Omnibus crime control and safe Act of the year 1986 that had to include terrorism as an activity.
Section 8: criminal terrorism law
The division is the noblest because it helps in defining the rules and regulation that should be followed in the prosecution of anybody found guilty of Terrorism Act. Mostly it dealt with those activities that profoundly injured human life and endangered any government policies that are in place. The USA legislature had to come up with several amendments to help in combating terrorism activities.
Section 9: improved intelligence
The article had given enough powers to the Director of Central Intelligence (DCI) that facilitated monitoring and any form of supervision across the state. The US opened some centres that helped in increasing surveillance across the country through the improvement of the technology system. The police officers and other criminal investigation department officers were as well trained thus increasing their tactics of securing the state effectively.
Section 10: Miscellaneous
Some laws were created outside the normal ones to supplement the normal functioning of government policies. Money was set aside to finance the criminal activities that might occur and were not accounted for in the average state budget. Finally, each government employee was taught skills he or she can use to identify a terrorist and also that one can use to defend those around him who have no protection skills.
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