Some of the most severe challenges of this century are water scarcity and deficiency of safe potable water. This fundamental life element is becoming perilously scarce with one-third of the global population living in water-stressed countries. With an expectation of the figure’s rise, there is a potentially destabilizing force among bordering states with social pressure. Developing countries are the primary victims of water scarcity and quality. It is a significant threat to their people’s health and well-being since contaminated water is primarily the cause of the vast majority of diarrhea ailments. The paper is a review of global access to clean water. It involves a critique of an author’s perceptive to the given issue.
The author suggests that water scarcity can be used as a force to extract water from nontraditional sources. He suggests that for countries/regions without additional freshwater resources to meet the increasing water demands, they should turn into unconventional sources to enhance their water supplies (Mintz et al., p. 1566). With improvisation of the current technologies, domestic wastewater effluent is a viable source of potable water. The treatment sequences comprise of blending water reservoirs containing secondary effluent where there is the production of a considerable amount of fresh water. The author suggests that computers control the system; hence monitoring the entire process is comfortable and safe. It is a suitable method that can be used globally.
Though the use of technology is essential in reclaiming effluent water, massive financial difficulties are accompanying it. The author suggests that setting up these is cheap and the result is profiting. However, developing countries which managed to set them up have been forced to borrow loans from developed states. These loans are accompanied by the huge interest rate that heavily burdens them. The maintenance costs of these plants are high considering that they are for public use and less revenue collected thereof. It is also hard for these states to convince and make their people accept that the use of recycled water is safe for consumption. These factors might cause them to reject the entire project.
The author suggests that water scarcity is related to national stability. It is true, but the focus is more on the technology used to reclaim potable water instead of peaceful solutions to this problem. There is a given an example is of Israel, and its neighbors were having conflicting over water sources. The author has put much effort into the various ways that Israel has used to reclaim water from both the natural resources and the reuse. He shows how the country took over the natural resources from its neighbor through war, securing it for her benefits (Kanarek and Michail, p. 230). Instead of how to settle the conflict and make the countries share the resources. In a closer view, this forceful capture has triggered violence and hatred among the given nations.
It is elaborate that there is a greater need for adequate supply globally. Hence the use of technology is a critical thing that states should consider for sufficient potable water to be available to the increasing population. Enough grants and aids should be offered to the developing countries for equality in the clean water supply. UN should be vitally involved to ensure that different states settle their disputes over water sources. It should include both parties together and agree on the reasonable terms of sharing the resources with equity.
Kanarek, A. & Michail, M.1996 Groundwater recharge with municipal effluent: Dan region reclamation project, Israel. Wat. Sci. Technol.34 (11), 227–233.
Mintz, E., Bartram, J., Lochery, P. & Wegelin, M.2001Not just a drop in the bucket: expanding access to point-of-use water treatment systems. Am. J. Public Health 91, 1565–1570