Philosophy of religion refers to the philosophical examinations of the themes and concepts drawn in religious traditions alongside other broad thoughtful tasks of concerned with reflections on religious matters such as the ;nature of religion, the alternative ideas of God, and the religious significance of the general universe features (e.g. laws of life, and the Holocaust). The study of religious philosophy involves all the major areas of philosophy; value theory, metaphysics, and epistemology. John Hick is identified as one of the most influential religion philosophers in the second half of the twentieth century. While a young law student, Hick underwent a robust religious experience that made him accept evangelical Christianity as well as change his career to philosophy and theology. Hick identified three major groundbreaking approaches to faith and religion namely; religious epistemology, philosophical theology, and religious pluralism.
John Hick's religious epistemology view served as a response to the various issues raised by analytical philosophers and logical positivists about religion. Hick attempts to demonstrate that the falsity or truth of the religious propositions has an observed difference in the life of a believer. Under this view, Hick discusses three issues namely; religious experience, eschatological verification, and religion and neuroscience. Concerning religious involvement, Hick argues that the ordinary believer gains spiritual knowledge by personally experiencing God. So, the knowledge of religion is mediated through the experience of the world; the same way other forms of knowledge in the world are gained.
The second argument supporting Hick's philosophy deals with eschatological verification. The latter is a response to the logical positivists to show that the claims by Christians are cognitively meaningful. Hick suggests that the construal relationship between God and humans is the Noumenon behind the phenomena of religious experiences. Hick argues that Christian faith can be verified in the afterlife, although this is only applicable if the belief it true. On the same note, Hick believes that the eschatological expectations of Christians provide them with a valid claim with which the whole institution bases the truth and lies of the religion.
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