The patient most likely suffers from Acute gastritis. This is because of the various symptoms she displays when diagnosed. Conditions such as nausea, abdominal pain, and indigestion are some of the common symptoms of the disorder (Bickley & Szilagyi, 2012). The case study shows that the patient displays the signs mentioned above among others like bloating, heartburn and decreased bowel movement. Besides, the patient mentions the worsening of the pain after eating fried food which is also a common symptom of Acute gastritis. Moreover, she reports the regular usage of Motrin and Aleve which are nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) that are said to cause Acute gastritis as stated by Rogoveanu et al. (2015). Another cause of the disease is the continuous intake of alcohol which applies to the patient’s case as she reports to take alcohol during social occasions. Furthermore, she also states cases of extreme stress due to work and family which is also a precise cause of the disorder.
Various techniques can be used to diagnose Acute gastritis. According to Elseweidy (2017), one of the tests conducted is the blood test. This is carried out to measure antibodies and check for overall health. Another test carried out is the breath test. This is conducted to check for the H. pylori infection. Helicobacter pylori (HP) is spiral-shaped, flogged, Gram-negative bacterium that inhabits the stomach of infected people. Elseweidy (2017) states that a patient is given radioactive urea during the test. In case of the presence of the infection, the bacterium converts the urea into carbon dioxide which is exhaled after ten minutes. There is also the stool test that detects the presence of the virus in the stool. Finally, there is a biopsy. This is taken through endoscopy from the stomach lining (Elseweidy, 2017). He further states that biopsy is the surest way to confirm the presence of H. pylori infection.
The best treatment for acute gastritis is to stop the usage of the causal factors of the disorder such as intake of alcohol and the NSAIDs. However, in severe cases, additional antibiotics may be administered. Most physicians recommend the combining of antibiotics with metronidazole for about two weeks after which inhibitors like omeprazole may be administered to reduce the production of gastric acid. Moreover, Elseweidy (2017) states that histamine blockers like ranitidine may also be used as additional antacids. On the other hand, the patient may also resort to natural factors as medication for gastritis. Phenolic compounds like Tannins and Flavonoids have significant healing effects. They have been known for their antioxidant and anti-inflammatory actions. Also, fresh vegetables, fruits, and curcumin are also common for their essential effect on ulcers due to their flavonoids content (Elseweidy, 2017). The patient can also use licorice extracts. It is advisable because of its significant impact on the HP infection that is as a result of the potent ant oxidative, anti-inflammatory, and antimutagenic actions.
In conclusion, it is evident that the patient suffers from acute gastritis due to symptoms like nausea, heartburn, and indigestion. After undergoing various diagnosis methods like the blood test, breath test, stool test, and biopsy, she should be put under the best medical care by prescribing antibiotics like metronidazole and omeprazole. Moreover, with the quitting of alcohol intake, reduced use of the NSAIDs and increased consumption of fresh fruits and vegetables, the patient will be well on her way to perfect health free from acute gastritis.
Bickley, L., & Szilagyi, P. G. (2012). Bates’ guide to physical examination and history-taking. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Elseweidy, M. M. (2017). Brief Review on the Causes, Diagnosis and Therapeutic Treatment of Gastritis Disease. Altern Integr Med, 6(231), 2.
Rogoveanu, O. C., Streba, C. T., Vere, C. C., Petrescu, L., & Trăistaru, R. (2015). Superior digestive tract side effects after prolonged treatment with NSAIDs in patients with osteoarthritis. Journal of medicine and life, 8(4), 458.