Aging experience biologically is a deteriorative process whereby one appears to lose some of his attachments to family members, and also roles. At this age in life people become more anxious about life, fearful and depressed to most situations. Similarly, ageing experience comprises of healthy, confident, and productive aging. Healthy ageing majorly deals with being keen on diseases and how to prevent them if they arise. Aging people frequently experience a decrease in their ability to function. Aging majorly is in four dimensions that is, chronological age meaning the number of years one lives. Biological aging simplifying the physical changes as one gets into middle life, psychological aging involving the changes in the mental functioning. Lastly, human aging referring to a difference in one’s roles and responsibilities. Focus on the psychological and emotional wellbeing of a person to recognize negative things is known as positive ageing. Productive ageing deals with what inputs a person brings forth, thus working on improving relations and making most things necessary(Pedraza, 2015).
According to most researchers, active ageing is the capability for one to have a healthy and long lasting life. Additionally, they believe that the environment contributes a lot to the reaction of the old people. Hence ageing in a healthy manner is all about creating conducive environments and opportunities that will enable the aging to do what pleases them. Scientists further argue that a conducive environment is not enough for us to expect healthy ageing though much has to be controlled to block diseases and create a sense of well-being. Significantly active ageing should be promoted by much fitness exercises which will help the aged to be of importance thus meet their basic needs and also maintain and build relationships.
World health organization on active ageing talks about brain fitness and working on essential exercises to stimulate the body and improve its functions (Michel, 2016). Prevention from deterioration by encouraging for enough sleep, discouragement on consumption of drugs, eating a balanced diet and also using the brain a lot meaning they should be engaged. Further, they talk on how to empower old people with theories like selection, optimization, and compensation theories.
Critical issues have been raised by theorists concerning the adaptability towards aging, the preparedness to dealing with demands successfully. Selection theory is an adaptive issue to the society at large and not only on the person. According to Erikson, he emphasizes on the concentration of the most rewarding domains to the person and those that suit their skills. The ageing should only select the most interesting, encouraging, and motivating tasks to be done without much effort. Similarly, the ageing should be helped in their selection choices to avoid them from making wrong decisions thus be maintained towards optimizing their focus on their sense of identity.
Selection theory assumes the selection of advantageous goals in consideration to the previous ones that did not improve well the person’s life. Additionally saving and making use of the resources around by re-evaluating whatever that was in place to empower the old. One should choose what makes the person comfortable and also maintaining relation and contact with people. (Coi, 2017)Selection tool should be an active one and if need be the latter that the person was experiencing during the career path. A person will be satisfied and make a change towards his or her life if the selection is made correctly thus engaging in things to improve health either physically, psychologically or socially.
Optimization theory is the ability of the individual to create a more favorable environment for self to bring out desired outcomes and also find solutions to challenges. Mostly this is experienced at an age-graded level meaning the process of maturation and accessing of experience (Steptoe, 2015). Hence here an aged person will prefer improving his health for positive outcomes and also understanding on how to deal with issues that old age brings along. Physical, psychological and social aspects in this theory are very applicable. For instance, a person who is overweight making his life to be in danger would be advised to stick to a diet, do a lot of beneficial exercises to avoid complications that may be as a result of excess eating.
Principle compensation, on the other hand, involves the use of alternative means to achieve a goal. Similarly, the theory reflects on how to handle challenges and how to respond to each to avoid any permanent condition. Examples of the use of this compensation theory applicable to the old people are the use of spectacles, walking sticks, and hearing aids. Such calls for the need to look for compensation aids in helping the effect of ageing. Compensation makes these people respond actively to societal needs — selective optimization with compensation theories majors on how a person relates to life in late life. Thus much of their success is defined by their goals, strategies, and attachment to tasks (Beard, 2016).
Exercises that are taken regularly help old people to develop physically and mentally. Makes the body parts to function well; for example, it helps older people from contracting chronic diseases that most weakens the body. Therefore when the old people are not affected by viruses, they can be able to work hard and becoming independent. A regular physical activity is essential for the health of older people and reduces the risks of developing metabolic diseases.
Performing activities weakness the muscular weakness by exercises that are from low intensity walking through to more vigorous activities. Old people should be encouraged to get the events from the clinicians or other friends. Mostly old people should raise their self-efficacy for exercise to improve their health. The practice should match the physical capability so that it can be useful.
They are living a life that is free from illness or disability. It is purposely to engage in activities that gradually helps their health situations, and they are well-being. Being free from sickness it enables old people to have a high physiological function. For instance, older adults will have strong muscles since they are protected from diseases. Old people should aim at increasing the size and strength of their limb muscle.
In regards to ageing experience, much contributions towards healthy have been said is supported by particular, optimization, and compensation theories. Old people need to take priority in their selection of choices to make them fit towards life. Also, there is a need for finding a substitute to help them in tackling problems. Compensation ought to change aging people’s life because it provides for a solution (Demerouti, 2014).
To conclude aging experience may affect a person either positively or negatively depending on the care being given. Education and exercises towards such situations will help promote healthy living. Also the old adapt quickly to conditions because of the help this brings to them making them not to lose relation.
Beard, J. R., Officer, A., de Carvalho, I. A., Sadana, R., Pot, A. M., Michel, J. P., … & Thiyagarajan, J. A. (2016). The World report on ageing and health: a policy framework for healthy ageing. The Lancet, 387(10033), 2145-2154.
Coi, A. L., Bigey, F., Mallet, S., Marsit, S., Zara, G., Gladieux, P., … & Legras, J. L. (2017). Genomic signatures of adaptation to wine biological ageing conditions in biofilm‐forming flor yeasts. Molecular ecology, 26(7), 2150-2166.
Demerouti, E., Bakker, A. B., & Leiter, M. (2014). Burnout and job performance: The moderating role of selection, optimization, and compensation strategies. Journal of occupational health psychology, 19(1), 96.
Michel, C. (2016). Beyond the sensorimotor plasticity: cognitive expansion of prism adaptation in healthy individuals. Frontiers in psychology, 6, 1979.
Pedraza-Hueso, M., Martín-Calzón, S., Díaz-Pernas, F. J., & Martínez-Zarzuela, M. (2015). Rehabilitation using kinect-based games and virtual reality. Procedia Computer Science, 75, 161-168.
Steptoe, A., Deaton, A., & Stone, A. A. (2015). Subjective wellbeing, health, and ageing. The Lancet, 385(9968), 640-648.