Architectural objects possess a bewildering nature subject to the visionary angle in them. Individuals from all over the world are drawn to them leading to their opulence. The pieces possess an aspect of continuity or timelessness, and they include buildings, small scale design creations, city plans, borders, landscapes, types, or gestures that may have contributed historical value in the field of architecture. Books, articles, exhibitions, and concepts also can assume the role of architectural objects provided they have a particular history and existence as material objects in space and time. Detailed in them is a creative approach deemed to marvel an audience with eye-catching and captivating attributes. Despite the praise allocated to the architectural objects, they elicit multiple criticisms from different quarters. History records epic objects from the Renaissance periods to ancient Egyptian structures like the pyramids, and the insurmountable Greek Parthenon. Similar to the emerging objects, they contain a reflection of innovation and cultural connotations. The architectural aspects receive recognition with some even earning the spot of the wonders of the world hence drawing attention to tourists, who are attracted to viewing sentimental pieces, historians, and artists. In recent times, a nation that has drawn the attention of travellers from all corners of the world is the United Arab Emirates (specifically the city Dubai). Known to encompass great strides in innovation, the city in the sand has emerged as a vacation destination for many negating concepts of nothing valuable begotten in deserts. At the centre of the hallmarks achieved is the Burj Khalifa (Khalifa Tower) formerly known as the Burj Dubai (Dubai Tower). In keeping up with the innovative nature of the city, driving the world to the next level of architectural designs in the competitive market, the tower stands out as a true testimonial to the changing times. Burj Khalifa is the tallest building in the world whose genesis in construction dates back to 2004 with its completion finalised after half a decade. Tall structures capture the attention of onlookers and save on space on the ground which informs their construction especially in megacities. Insurmountable credit is awarded to Adrian Smith, of Skidmore, Owings & Merrill who spearheaded the designing of the construction. Smith is a renowned architect with exemplary works, one of them is the Jeddah Tower that is projected to go beyond the height record marked by the Burj Khalifa. The above goes to show how the Burj Khalifa transformed the architectural industry in a visibly game-changing way. Individuals now draw their focus to achieving the greatest heights, keeping in mind the universal development goals and environmental sustainability as accorded in the United Nations agreements. Apart from holding the record of being the tallest building in the world, the Burj Khalifa holds other accolades such as the most heightened free-standing structure entailing the most number of stories. It is renowned for having the most occupied floor, containing the most multiple outdoor observation decks, detailed with the elevator with the longest travel distance, and the tallest service elevator in the world. The massive achievements held by the structure shows how much work was required with added value on ideal science to make it not just a dream but an excellent realisation. In the construction, its main structure is that of reinforced concrete. Burj Khalifa is a large entity, the material was utilised in generous amounts and involved a lot of labour detailed with a large chunk of time to achieve the completion. Being that in Dubai sand makes up most of the soil structure, the foundation required large amounts of concrete which were then stabilised with steel. The height of the skyscraper also informed the lay-up, the laws of Physics transcribe to the laying down of a strong foundation in support of the weightiness of a towering entity. In support of the tallness is a buttressed central core and wings. The design majors on influence from other tall buildings such as the Lake Point Tower in Chicago and Islamic architecture; a spiral pattern which decreases in cross-section with rising levels from the base moving upwards. The skyscraper enacts the use of the bundled tube design in its construction. The prefabricated panels that are attached to the structural frame recognise the adverse weather conditions of scorching heat. The use of architectural glass addresses the issue on temperatures given they act as a shield against the blazing sun heat and strong winds depicted in a desert environment. Other structural demarcations include a web plumbing system observing laws of gravity in utilising ideal pressure. To achieve the intriguing in the display of the build, those involved in the construction process were forced to carry out prior experiments to ascertain the methodology to be enacted focusing on success at the onset of work. The Burj Khalifa also entails a well-developed air conditioning system and features additional thrilling aspects like the modern swimming pool for relaxation and enjoyment. In a political sense, the building was named after the incumbent president of the United Arab Emirates and ruler of Abu Dhabi, i.e., Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan. The naming was in recognition of a political movement that saw Dubai benefit from funds from the government to settle its debts. Safe to say the president majorly achieved the funding of the construction. It was in the view of the government to spearhead development in the diversification of the nation from an oil-based economy to other economic fronts. The ruling party also deemed it fit to catapult Dubai to an internationally recognised city by getting involved in this humongous achievement. The emanating cultural aspect of the city as a tourist destination is illuminated in the Burj Khalifa. Apart from being a tourist destination given the records it beholds, the skyscraper has large apartments for their use and office space for those involved in businesses. Burj Khalifa draws multiple hotels, condominiums, and malls that have benefited with a massive influx of revenue earning them super nominal profits. The culture, in line with emerging avenues of the Dubai society, is that of a mixed-use development. Emerging designs also showcase flair, style, and extravagance in architectural designs just as portrayed in the skyscraper. The characteristics are a true revelation of how far the Dubai administration and developers are willing to go to grasp the attention of the world by writing their names in the books of history as we transition to a more developed and innovative society than our predecessors. Every good thing has a flipside that drafts ridicule and negativity. The Burj Khalifa attracts applauding for a job well done which is accompanied by various criticisms. At the forefront is the main labour force in the construction that consisted of migrants from South Asia. Fault and finger pointing derived from the low wages paid to the workers with maltreatment such as confiscation of their passports. Delving deeper in the criticisms; numerous deaths reported elicited a cause for concern concerning the viability of the project. Shrouding the negativities is a generally positive review construed from the users, neighbours, and competitors. The users attest to a great deal of proper servitude offered at the site and a one in a million experience. On an equivalent standing, the neighbours award the skyscraper gratitude given its attractive aspect that draws many people from all corners of the world generating an influx in finance hence substantial profits. The competitors are observant of the high pinnacle set by the construction and contribution to urban development. The yardstick to topple the Burj Khalifa is on top-notch levels which only means technological advancements are bound to improve in performance. Concerning the history of architectural objects, the skyscraper lays the framework for impactful construction in observance to new technologies as the world transforms into an improved innovative entity. Changing the view of Downtown Dubai regarding opulence and urban development, the skyscraper has won accolades in recognition for its ‘towering’ achievements.
Buildings are one of the most significant architectural objects. Apart from being viewed just as constructions, they hold sentimental value in economic, political, and cultural aspects as they are an accurate reflection of the society. The Burj Khalifa in Dubai is one architectural piece that is intriguing and stands out in its stature. The dynamic nature in construction utilising technological advancements is evident in its display. A holder of multiple records in the height aspect, it makes the refrain ‘the sky is the limit’ plausible.
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