Biological Factors of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

Biological Factors of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

Introduction

During one’s life, there are a number of hostile life events that occur. Whenever they do, they have a great impact on the lives of those affected. One of the greatest bearings is that the individuals tend to develop trauma, which in the long-run ends up being Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). The veterans are among the most affected individuals when it comes to PTSd, owing to their tragic experiences of war. In many circumstances, people who have been through traumatic experiences but do not develop post-traumatic disorder find themselves getting distressed if confronted by the tragedy. Association of American Psychiatrists – APA – classifies PTSD as a psychological disorder. As much as it comes from traumatic events, the values of an individual cover up quite a lot when symptoms of the disorder are considered (Sherin&Nemeroff, 2011). Some people improve by themselves after trauma, whereas others require help and assistance to get back to their normal state. Different factors play their part in the development of PTSD, such as sociocultural, physical and biological factors.

PTSD Background Information

In the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders V, commonly known as DSM-V, PTSD goes with the code 308.91 (APA, 2013). There are three primary domains that characterize the presence of PTSD if their symptoms and signs exceed a month. The three are; exposure reminders, activation, and deactivation. Each of them has a number of signs that characterize it, and they play a critical role in the diagnosis of PTSD. The DSM lists the criteria for the diagnosis of the disorder. Some of the signs and symptoms include;

  • Reliving experiences of the traumatic event, this could be through having distressing memories and images.
  • Experiencing upsetting dreams about the event
  • Flashbacks as if the event was happening again
  • Attempts to avoid events or situations reminding of the traumatic event
  • Engaging in dangerous and self-destructive behaviors.

(APA, 2013).

Experiencing or even witnessing a traumatic tragedy like a bombing event, earthquake’s destruction or death of a loved one can lead to PTSD.It is possible to treat PTSD, essentially through therapeutic counsel, as well as drugs such as antidepressants (APA, 2013). Because of the nature through which people develop PTSD, it is difficult to avoid it; it

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