Burnout and coping in nursing


Burnout in nursing can be defined as stress related to the chronic working environment.  The nursing practitioners are often subjected to burnout as a result of overwhelming and excessive demands of the profession. As a result of working in a stressful environment, the nurses need coping mechanisms which enables them to adjust to emotional, physical and mental demands (Hunt et al., 2017).  The coping mechanism to chronic stressing working environment regards to access to spiritual strength to reduce burnout risks.

History and statistics

According to study on “Nursing burnout and the effects of coping and stress management” by Meghan Baranda, the article explores the history of burnout and different mechanisms of coping that has been integrated into nursing practices as an approach to stress management.  The study involves 676 nurses where 66% comprised of women who provide patient and partial care (Baranda, 2017).  The study statistics indicated that key factors that lead burnout includes overwhelming working environment, need to balance demands for the profession and personal life. In support of the statistics, journal ‘stress, burnout and coping in health profession’ by Isabel explores how the competitiveness in the labor market cause adverse implications to economic issues due to demands made by workers.  Therefore, the transformations that exist in economic, social and political result to occupational burnout for nursing practice. Also, the majority of the nurses are affected by work-related illnesses, deaths, and diseases that cause ‘labor stress chronic’ related to burnout.



Significance to health issues

According to the article ‘Burnout and its relationship to empathy in nursing’ published by the Journal of Research in Nursing, indicates that there exist complexities between burnout and coping in nursing practice. Therefore, the concepts are significance to health issues as they provide a mechanism of designing various coping mechanism by the health care organizations (Costa & Pinto, 2017).  Also, the topic is relevant to health by aiding in evaluating the negative consequences of burnout which includes low productivity among the nurses. Also, the article has a great significance in helping to determine how variables such as workload, role specification and geographical location results to burnout of nurses. The burnout outs result in mental and physical health issues which need a coping mechanism. The nurses require better adaption to the working environment and increased incomes and minimal workloads as mechanisms of coping to burnouts.

Role of the nurse

In many cases, the burnout is caused by professional exhaustion, and thus the nurses should take the role of managing their schedules to prevent low productivity.  According to Isabel, the nurses have a role in implementing coping strategies that concern the behavioral and cognitive mechanisms as practical aspects of dealing with events that generate burnout.  Also, coping involves the redefinition of mechanisms by the nurses as well as revising specific concepts and values.  Thus, the nurses can adopt coping mechanisms that include therapeutic actions at individual, organizational and societal level as well as educational actions.



Relevance to nursing practices

The topic is relevant to nursing practices due to prevalence cases of burnout that leads to lowered work productivity. In a greater extent, the burnout causes distressing feelings as well as symptoms that include boredom, cynicism, dis-concentration and disorientation that lead to poor outcomes from nursing practices. Therefore, the coping strategies are relevant to nursing practices as they help in overcoming, adapting and reacting to different situations.  Some of the coping strategies that are relevant to nursing practices include a cognitive strategy that helps in relieving situations of nerve-wracking work flight (Costa & Pinto, 2017). Coping enhances adaptation to burnouts through pursuing to change dilemma which cause negative emotional responses.


In conclusion, burnout subjects the nurses into depersonalization, emotional exhaustion and derailed professional achievements. The nurses have direct contact with the sick. Thus their efforts to provide quality care can result in burnout. Therefore, coping strategies which include behavioral and cognitive intervention can be useful in reducing the mental and physical effects of burnout among the nurses.




Baranda, M. (2017). Nurse Burnout and the effects of coping and stress management: 1-22

Costa, B., & Pinto, I. C. (2017). Stress, burnout and coping in health professionals: a literature review. Journal of Psychology and Brain Studies1(1: 4), 1-8.

Hunt, P. A., Denieffe, S., & Gooney, M. (2017). Burnout and its relationship to empathy in nursing: a review of the literature. Journal of Research in Nursing22(1-2), 7-22.