Children psychological development observation report

Children psychological development observation report

In this examination, two children in their preschool ages were observed while seated at a coffee table together with their mother. One was male and the other female, both at age 5. According to the information the mother provided when the request to undertake the study on her children was made, the two were dizygotic twins who spent most of their time together, both in school and in the playgrounds. Both the physical and the cognitive behaviors were observed for both the kids and evaluation done for the expected development standards of kids around their age. Most of the results were in line with the psychology and childhood development theories like Erickson’s theory, attachment theory, and Piaget’s theory to mention a few.

The height of the children observed was an average between 40 inches and 42 inches. However, the male child looked a little taller than the girl with only a small range. From the look of things, they had an average weight of around 37 pounds, with the boy looking more massive than the girl. Generally, although they were twins and of the same age, they did not have identical characteristics. The male child seemed a little more physically developed than the female child in terms of body mass. Most of the physical attributes that the twins displayed were close to the 42.5” height and 39.5lb weight for an average age five-year baby (Cherry, 2017). The boy also had more courage to play in a public environment than the girl who only seemed to play along with what her brother. They did not seem to bother much about the snacks on the table, some of which they had taken after their mother went tough on them to eat. It was like their greatest bundle of joy was playing with each other and with objects on the table. Both the boy and the girl had good gross motor skills, and they were able to run up and down playfully at certain times.

Both the kids were playing around the table in a careless manner, which attracted the attention of their mother making her want to stop them. The mother showed little attention towards them throughout. At first, they settled back to their seat silent for a couple of minutes. A few minutes later, they were back on their dangerous play and making noise. When the mother shouted at them to stop, they quietly retracted to their seats again and sat in silence. It seemed as though every time the mother was not attentive towards them, they played either to entertain themselves or to attract the parent’s attention. It was most likely that kids were doing it on purpose every time the mother was on a call, as though they were trying to insist on their demand for her attention. Both of them constructed clear and correct grammar sentences, and they also used their body language appropriately. For instance, every time the mother stopped them from playing, they expressed sadness by frowning and staying still for a few minutes. Nonetheless, when the father entered the café approximately an hour later, both of them ran towards him shouting in joy before jumped on his arms both at once. The joy they felt when re-bonding with the father was evident in from the happy faces they put up when they saw him approach. It was clear that the children enjoyed each other’s company and their parents’ too.

Such cognitive behaviors were in line with the expectations towards children at the twin’s age and also the Ericksen’s psychosocial development theory. Stage 3 of Ericksen’s psychological development theory, Initiative vs. Guilt argues that children experience psychosocial development during their pre-school years, the time at which they assert power and engage in social interactions with other children and older adults in their immediate environments (Farrow et al., 2018). The two children have also developed the physical and emotional attractions towards their parents, which explains why they ran to their father’s arms when he enters the café. Such an appeal is also in line with the Attraction theory by John Bowlby. The Attachment theory claims that the psychological development of children includes the formation of emotional and physical attachment to other people which develops a sense of stability and security among them (Danquah & Berry, 2013). The twins in the mall displayed most of these features and thus, were within the standard curve of psychological development.

In conclusion, I observed two children in a mall seated with their mother at a coffee table. Although the mother pointed out that they were twins in their fifth year, they were not remarkably identical. The boy had developed slightly faster physically than the girl. Nonetheless, their development pattern reflected the one for a healthy child and design as explained by psychological development experts. As argued by the Ericksen’s psychosocial development theory and the Attachment theory, the duo showed good physical growth and emotional attraction to the people around them. They desired attention from the parents and showed emotional disappointments by keeping quiet and frowning every time they were told something they did not like.




Cherry, K. (2017). Erik Erikson’s Stages of Psychosocial Development. Psychology. Psychosocial Theories. Päivitetty14, 2017.

Danquah, A. N., & Berry, K. (Eds.). (2013). Attachment theory in adult mental health: A guide to clinical practice. Routledge.

Farrow, C., Haycraft, E., & Blissett, J. (2018). Observing Maternal Restriction of Food with 3–5-Year-Old Children: Relationships with Temperament and Later Body Mass Index (BMI). International journal of environmental research and public health15(6), 1273.