Children Refugee Rights

A refugee is an individual fleeing his home country as a result of war, violence or persecution. Alipui & Gerke (2018) reiterated a report by UNICEF, indicating that most children refugees are unaccompanied, having separated from their parents at the time of conflict. The number of children applying for asylum has increased over the past few years amidst increasing cases of psychiatric disorders. Some of these do not find safe-haven in their new homes due to unfavourable immigration policies.

According to Alipui & Gerke (2018), there are more than 22 million refugees across the globe and about 34, 000 people are displaced or forced into exile as a result of violence. The United Nations Higher Commission for Refugees (UNHCR) reported in 2017 that the number of child refugees under the organization’s protection has doubled to 8 million up from half that figure in 2005 (Eide &Hjern, 2013). More than 50% of these children are unaccompanied and without a parent or a guardian with them on the journey to their unknown new homes (Eide &Hjern, 2013). An increase in the number of those seeking asylum has also been reported. Child refugees in some countries like Ethiopia and Pakistan experience neglect and they lack basic needs due to this resource inadequacy.

The Lancet (2016) echoes a horrifying account revealing that children have imprisoned in detention facilities with inhumane living conditions. In September 2016, 9000 unaccompanied children who had entered Germany went missing Refugee children end up

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