Cocaine is a stimulant drug that is commonly snorted, injected or rubbed into gums. The drug comes from the leaves of coca bush widely found in South America. The leaves are processed to produce three different forms of cocaine, namely: cocaine hydrochloride, free base, and crack. Despite its medical purposes as local anesthesia for minor surgeries, it prohibited for recreational use. The drug has other names such as snow, coke among others which are used depending on the region. This paper looks at the effects of using cocaine, behaviors portrayed by its user as well as withdrawal behaviors
The effects of cocaine vary depending on the person using it, the frequency of use and the amount taken. The effects of cocaine are either short term or long term. The short term effects last for a couple of hours depending on the method used to take the drug. They range from, extreme energy and excitement, hypersensitive to sound and touch, paranoia and irritability. The long-term effects also depend on the method of use, for instance, when taken through snorting on can experience nosebleeds and frequent runny nose. Generally,its effects include cough, asthma, and a higher risk of contracting HIV, which is usually due to impaired judgment
Cocaine is a stimulant, and as such, people using it tend to be talkative.They also have mood swings which generally results because of the depressed state. The user might seem happy and overly excited or confident the next time. This is easy to identify as because it’s easier to tell what to expect and what not to. Individuals who are often shy and unable to effectively express themselves tend to develop some confidence after taking the drug. It also leads to an increased and its users are social, excited and they also appear sexual. Moreover, those who inject the drug might portray some signs of use such as needle marks on various parts of the body while those who smoke have burned lips and fingers.The users also appear to have dilated pupils and runny nose. Prevalent sign of cocaine use include lack of judgment, paranoia, excessive aggression and hallucinations
Withdrawal effects of cocaine usually appear upon reduction in administration. The use of cocaine causes the release of adrenaline which leads to a decrease in appetite. Therefore, when one stops or reduces its administrationtheir appetite is restored. The common withdrawal behavior is depression and suicidal thoughts, cocaine induces happiness and this makes them dependent on the drug in order to maintain the mental state resulting in depression and consequently suicide thoughts. Reduction or stopping the use of cocaine results to muscle aches and sickness, thus, making the user to continually use painkillers
Common cocaine addiction treatments are behavioral therapy and inpatient rehabilitation. The effects of cocaine withdrawal can have profound impacts on one’shealth. As a result, there is a need for medical care, supervision to help reduce the effects of withdrawal. Behavioral therapy is vital because they can help an individual in learning ways of dealing with any potential effects. Although there are no given medications to treat cocaine addiction, there are drugs which can be administered to help get rid of cravings and withdrawal symptoms, for example using Topiramate to manage cravings
In conclusion, the effects and behavior portrayed by people using cocaine depend on the amount administered and the method used. Cocaine users often develop certain behaviors and effects, which are either long term or short term. Short term behaviors last a few minutes and majorly depend on the method that was used to administer the drug. Cocaine treatment can be made possible through behavioral therapy which is primarily done to help the patient develop skills to overcome the withdrawal effects of the drug. Sometimes medications are administered to end craving and other side effects
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