Coronary Artery Disease (CAD)

Chapter 1

In this chapter, the researcher states that Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) is the main cause of death among people in developed countries. The researcher agrees to the report prepared by the American Heart Association on the facts about Coronary Artery Disease. It is reported that the coronary artery disease contributes to about 20% of the mortality rate in developed nations. However, the researcher aims at using the postmenopausal African American women as the sample population to investigate the knowledge about risk factors associated with CAD based on the Erickson’s role modelling theory. The researcher states that the majority of the women especially those with the ages above 50 years suffer from Coronary Artery Disease. According to the researcher, the prevalence of CAD among women above 50 years is linked to the menopause stage as the risk factor. The further states that Coronary Artery Disease is rare among young women, an indication that supports the researcher’s argument. The researcher wants to conduct the study to identify the common risk factors associated with Coronary Artery Disease among postmenopausal African American women and the implications of the Erickson’s role modelling theory to provide relevant information for the women.

The researcher intends to identify the impact of educational training on the risk factors of Coronary Artery Disease on women using the selected population. There are assumptions that postmenopausal African American women have little knowledge about the prevalence of Coronary Artery Disease. Therefore, the exposure of the women to educational training would result in no significant change. The researcher wants to conduct the study to establish the relationship in the variables and make a conclusion. Also, there are various practices such as overweight, overweight, making poor food choices, and living sedentary lifestyles likely to increase the risk of Coronary Artery Disease among postmenopausal African American women. The researcher intends to use the study to establish the statistical relationships between variables and causation.

Chapter 2

In this chapter, the researcher approaches the literature review based on the report by the American Heart Association (AHA), several risk factors contribute to high morbidity as a result of Coronary Artery Disease. Some of the risk factors comprise of overweight, physical inactivity and living a sedentary lifestyle.  According to the researcher, the background information about the Coronary Artery Disease indicates that the disease occurs when the artery responsible for transporting blood to the muscles of the heart become hardened and narrowed. The disorder is caused by the accumulation of cholesterol as well as other substances called plaque on the inner walls of the arteries.  The deposition of plague and cholesterols on the inner walls of the artery is termed as atherosclerosis. Individuals with persistent cases of Coronary Artery Disease are likely to experience less blood flow in their arteries which contributes to the insufficient supply of blood to the heart. As a result, such people are likely to develop heart diseases which lead to death.

The researcher recognizes Coronary Artery Disease as a serious public health issue; therefore, the study seeks to identify postmenopausal AA women’s knowledge of the risk factors for CAD. Besides, the researcher uses the efficacy of an educational intervention through the lens of Erickson’s role modeling theory to explore the study. Erickson’s role modeling theory provides theory-based clinical practices in which patients should be imparted with knowledge on coronary artery diseases and how they can overcome them. Given the prevalence level of the postmenopausal African American women, the researcher suggests that nurses or healthcare providers should always provide sufficient care for them to achieve the desired outcomes. Notably, there are racial variances in the prevalence of coronary artery disease in many places, including the United States. Recent studies show that postmenopausal AA women bear some disproportionate burden of developing Coronary Artery Disease and its associated risk factors compared to the white women and other races.

Chapter 3

The researcher strongly holds that Coronary Artery Disease is one of the leading cause of mortality in the developed countries and among the postmenopausal African American Women. In the methodology, the researcher intends to secure useful information and data that would be used to ascertain the risk factors that could elevate the risk of attaining CAD among postmenopausal African American (AA) women. The researcher believes that a maximum population of 60 postmenopausal African American women living in Charlotte, NC would be appropriate for the study.

The methodology utilized by the researcher focuses on a quantitative approach to establish the prevalence, incidences, and generalizable results in the study. It also shows the statistical relationship existing between variables and causation in the study. The researcher applies empirical studies by organizing for gathering with postmenopausal African American women at the church and conducting interviews to ascertain the research problem. The participants are given a timeframe to file responses that will be used by the researcher to make the findings and reach the expected results.

Similarly, the methodology implies the researcher’s commitment to collect relevant data that will be used to justify the problem and show the relationship between variables. According to the researcher, the use of the questionnaire would lead to a massive collection of the information essential for the study. The researcher considers the questionnaires as the preferable method of data collection given the fact that the results can be analyzed both scientifically and objectively. The methodology used by the researcher in this study appears to correspond with the sample size and the objective of the study. Therefore, it is evident that the researcher has structured the methodology in an appropriate manner that suits the type of study being conducted.

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