Definition of Some Historical Terms

Definition of Some Historical Terms

1.Wounded Knee Boards

This was a massacre that occurred in South Dakota whereby the United States soldiers killed a large number of Indian Americans. This was meant to deter the influence of the Ghost Dance spiritual movement that was gaining root in this region. The massacre played a role in influencing the American Indians to refrain from the movement. They had to adopt the ways of the Whites; which they had shunned with the evolution of this movement. This was like a form of a forced assimilation that was meant to ensure that their cultural beliefs were prevented from gaining root.

  1. Logan’s Lament

This was a speech delivered by Logan after he had avenged the killing of his family members. Initially, Logan had a favorable relationship with the White settlers, but that changed after the Yellow Creek Massacre. Logan’s Lament plays a critical role in shaping the wisdom about the indigeneity of the Iroquois people. It informs that they were the original settlers in the Ohio country, but later on welcomed the Whites.

  1. Carlisle Indian School

This was the first Indian boarding school to be developed and was founded in 1879. This was done under the authority of the federal government. The school played the role of showing that the Indigenous (Native) Americans were equals when compared to the European Americans. The indignity of the Native Americans was vanishing at this time, and the only way to ensure that this did not happen was through cultural transformation.

  1. “Kill the Indian, Save the Man.”

This was a phrase often heard from Captain Richard Pratt. This was when the United States government was establishing boarding schools for Indian youths to enhance their assimilation into the mainstream American culture. The phrase plays the role of informing how the culture of the Native Americans was being wiped out. The youths were not allowed to communicate in their language; they were taught English and other cultural aspects. This is because the indigenous people were deemed as being resistant to many things the government intended to institute.

  1. Muscular Christianity

This is the practice of Christians who believe that it is a religious duty to ensure that a vigorous body condition is maintained by way of exercise and sports in order to ensure good morals, right feelings and good health in religious matters. This aspect has played a role in showcasing how various sports activities were developed. A good example is how the American’s faith in football can be traced back to the Muscular Christian movement that existed in the 1800s.

  1. Walter Pourier


  1. American Horse

American Horse was an Indian Scout, U.S Army, and a progressive Oglala Lakota leader. He advocated for friendly associations with the Whites and favorable education for his people. He played the role of ensuring that Indian Americans acquired education in order to ensure that the Native Americans were not a vanishing race. He was in support of the establishment of Indian Industrial schools that were free of anti-Indian prejudices.

  1. Richard Pratt

He was a longtime superintendent and the founder of the Carlisle Indian Industrial School. Richard Pratt was very influential on matters that regarded the school. His role in indigeniety is that he spearheaded Americanization of the Native Americans. This was through forced cultural assimilation. He had the objective of ensuring that they neglected their tribal ways, converted to Christianity and abandoned their reservations. Some people later regarded this as a cultural genocide.

  1. Strenuous Life

This was a speech associated with Theodore Roosevelt. The speech was based on his personal experiences in life. He asserted that overcoming hardships and strenuous efforts were ideals that Americans should have adopted for the good of the nation. The role of the strenuous life was quite vivid in the turn of the 20th century. The spirit of the Americans was immense. The increased urbanization and industrialization made other countries fearful of growing weak. At some point, the speech was used to justify the American imperialism. It could easily be said that it shaped the culture of America influencing various aspects in the world.

  1. Managerial Manliness

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