Discuss the effects of macro planning and micro planning in educational administration

Discuss the effects of macro planning and micro planning in educational administration

Planning is the process of establishing activities and processes that are required to achieve a future goal or desired state in the future. Macro planning in education is the process of creating aggregate plans at a state or country level while micro planning in education is planning that is done at an institution or a small locality like location or region.

Effects of macro planning in education administration

  1. Determines the efficacy in the running of education system-Marco planning helps to determine the effectiveness and efficiency of education administration through budget allocation. Adequate budget allocation to education sector ensures efficiency and effectiveness of administration while the little allocation of funds jeopardizes the administrative activities.
  2. Helps determine the structure of current and future administrative system- macro education planning helps in setting plans for how the education system will be administered now and future.
  3. It evaluates the current education demonstrative system and proposes changes-macro planning evaluates the performance of the current administrative system at the state level and proposes changes that ensure that the whole education system is streamlined.
  4. Determines administrative strategies for state education administration- planning at the macro level sets the strategy to be followed by the administrative system.

Effects of macro planning in education administration

  1. Planning at the micro level ensures that the administration of the education system is done in conformity the region’s or area’s cultural, economic and social settings.
  2. Micro planning provides support to the macro goals of the administrative unit in the education sector through imp[lamentation of administrative purposes at macro levels in the county and local levels such as districts and locations.
  3. Through micro planning, administration in the education system can achieve the needs that are specific to certain standards rather than the whole country.
  4. It helps in the creation of organized groups that help to establish relationships with authorities at local levels facilitating administration of education.


Discuss the role of school as industry.

  1. Provision of employment- as an industry, the school employs in a country inform of teachers and administrator jobs. School industry is one of the highest contributors to employment, offering a high absorption rate of the workforce in the market. In this way, it helps to reduce the unemployment rate in the country.
  2. Source of government revenue- just like the other industries, school is a source of government revenue through taxation of employees.
  3. Contributes to research and development- just like other industries, school as an industry contributes highly to research and intellectual development of people, hence leading to the development and growth of the economy and other sectors.
  4. Increase in investments- schools are investments in themselves. Also, schools provide intellectual resources and guidance important for making investments.
  5. Raises the standard of living- through an increase in literacy level, which is achieved by the school as an industry, the standard of living are increased due to access to employment opportunities.
  6. Increase in Gross Domestic Product- just like other industries, schools as an industry contributes Gross Domestic Product. This is done indirectly through its products (Students and graduates) who can add to economic production through investments and tax income.
  7. Increase in social welfare- government provides revenue to the government which is used to increase the social health of the citizens through the construction of hospitals and schools.



Rowan, B. (2012). The ecology of school improvement: Notes on the school improvement industry in the United States. Journal of Educational Change3(3-4), 283-314.


Klepper, S., & Thompson, P. (2016). School-industry spinoffs.

Jarvis, P. (2013). Universities and corporate universities: The higher learning industry in global society. Routledge.

Jaber, L. Z., & BouJaoude, S. (2012). A macro-micro–symbolic teaching and education administration. International Journal of Science Education34(7), 973-998.