Empathy and media Effects on Violence among Adolescent Boys

Empathy and media Effects on Violence among Adolescent Boys

Part I: Paper Outline


The introduction will involve a discussion of how media promotes violence among adolescents. It will highlight some of the current statics supported by evidence from any of the four sources used in the paper. Besides, it will create a desire for the reader by mentioning the research question that is “How does empathy figure into the discussion of media effects and violent media on adolescents?

Moreover, the introduction will hook the reader by stating the thesis statement for the research to create an insight into the focus for the rest of the paper. The thesis statement will be, “Empathy plays a significant role in mediating between exposure to violent media content and behavioral transfer among adolescents.” The introduction will also create an overview of the remaining sections of the paper.

Paragraph 1: Frequency of media use among adolescents and the possibility of interacting with violent media. Articles to be used include, (Mößle, Kliem, & Rehbein, 2014)and (Vossen, Piotrowski, and Valkenburg, 2017).

Paragraph 2: Thesis Statement and evidence from other sources to support the thesis statement. Sources include (Vossen, Piotrowski, and Valkenburg, 2017), (Mößle, Kliem, & Rehbein, 2014), and (Kanthan, Graham, & Azarchi, 2016).

Paragraph 3: The aim of the paper, research question and structure of the article.

Literature Review

The literature review will involve an analysis of four sources written previously on the same topic. The section will dissect the relationship of the four references to each other and their contributions to the current research.

Paragraph 1: Violent media content and video games lead to aggression among adolescents (Happ & Melzer, 2014).

Paragraph 2: Violence in Media alters emotional and cognitive development among adolescents (Kanthan, Graham, & Azarchi, 2016).

Paragraph 3: Significance of empathy reducing the development of aggressive behavior among adolescents due to violent media (Mößle, Kliem, & Rehbein, 2014).

Paragraph 4: Violent media affects various dimensions of empathy as opposed to sympathy alone (Vossen, Piotrowski, and Valkenburg2017).


The findings section will identify the arguments of the previous literature by highlighting the relationship between empathy and the effects of violent media content on male adolescents. The section will depend solely on the discussions of the four previous articles.

Discussion and Conclusion

The discussion for the current paper will rely mainly on the findings. The section will link the results to the thesis statement of the article and identify whether empathy plays a role in promoting violent behavior among male adolescents through violent media content. The section will also summarize the findings of the paper and state whether there is a need for further research.

Part II: Introduction

Globalization and advancement in technology have increased accessibility of media content among people of all ages in the world. The youth interact with media contents more than other age groups in societythrough interactive media(Mößle, Kliem, & Rehbein, 2014). Adolescents can access violent content that is only suitable for adults. According to Vossen, Piotrowski, and Valkenburg (2017), adolescents spend more than a third of their day interacting with media content. Majority of media content accessed by teenagers especially entertainment involve violence.

Empathy plays a significant role in mediating between exposure to violent media content and behavioral transformation among adolescents. Previous researchers have tried to find the relationship between empathy and violent media content. For instance, Vossen, Piotrowski, and Valkenburg (2017) found that exposure to media violence among teenagers leads to low empathy levels and increased aggression among adolescents. Another study by Mößle, Kliem, and Rehbein, (2014), found that media violence accessed by the adolescents substitutes empathy with hostility thus. The study found that violent media content affects the emotional and cognitive development in adolescents. Kanthan, Graham, & Azarchi (2016), also found that violent media contents lead to a decline in empathy.

The current study seeks to determine the relationship between empathy and violent media content. The study answers the question “How does empathy figure into the discussion of media effects and violent media on adolescents?The study analyzes previous research conducted on the relationship between empathy and violent media. It goes ahead to discuss state whether media violence affects empathy. The other sections of the paper include literature review, findings, discussion, and conclusion.


Happ, C., & Melzer, A. (2014). Empathy and violent video games: Aggression and prosocial behavior. Springer. Accessed fromhttps://www.researchgate.net/publication/266662255_Empathy_and_Violent_Video_Games_Aggression_and_Prosocial_Behavior

Kanthan, S., Graham, J. A., & Azarchi, L. (2016). Media Detectives: Bridging the Relationship among Empathy, Laugh Tracks, and Gender in Childhood. Journal of Media Literacy Education8(2), 35-53. Accessed fromhttps://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ1125583.pdf

Mößle, T., Kliem, S., & Rehbein, F. (2014). Longitudinal effects of violent media usage on aggressive behavior. The significance of empathy. Societies4(1), 105-124. Accessed fromhttps://www.researchgate.net/publication/260530543_Longitudinal_Effects_of_Violent_Media_Usage_on_Aggressive_Behavior-The_Significance_of_Empathy

Vossen, H. G., Piotrowski, J. T., & Valkenburg, P. M. (2017). The longitudinal relationship between media violence and empathy: Was it sympathy all along? Media Psychology20(2), 175-193.Accessed fromhttps://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/15213269.2015.1121825?needAccess=true


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