Enzymes are essential to human body function since they help in most of the human body function. Enzyme Amylase is an enzyme produced by the pancreas and the salivary gland. The enzyme helps in speeding up most of the body reactions (Copeland 2013). For digestion to take place in the human body, the enzymes have to be produced by various gland and organs. In a case where the enzymes are not produced or produced in a limited form or too much of it, there have to be a defect in the body function (Copeland 2013). Most of the diseases that attack most of the vital body organs get tested for through the enzymes.
Enzyme Amylase helps in the digestion of carbohydrates in the body. Amylase converts the complex carbohydrates (polysaccharides) into monosaccharides like glucose (Kirby 2009). Glucose is used by the body to produce energy while excess gets stored in the body in the form of glycogen. Insulin hormone helps in the conversion of the excess glucose into glycogen (Copeland 2013). At a point when there is low sugar level in the human body, glucagon hormone convert the stored glycogen into glucose. Enzyme Amylase also helps in the digestion of the dead white blood cell in the body (Aehle 2007). White blood cells die at some times when they get overworked, and if left in the body they might cause human life. The dead white blood cells cause abscesses and might also lead to the development of a toothache.
When the pancreas fails to perform its function of releasing the enzyme amylase, it might result in various complications of the body. Lack or less amylase in the body leads to inflammation reaction that causes skin disease and other exposed body organs. Most of the pancreatic diseases get tested for through the enzyme reaction (Kirby 2009). Doctors use human urine as one of the areas to check for the amount of enzyme amylase in the human body (Aehle 2007). Oxygen is required by the body for respiration. The lungs get connected to the function of enzyme amylase that helps in the production of energy needed for respiration. Failure by the pancreas to produce enzyme amylase might lead to lung disease that causes life.
The action of the enzyme could be disrupted at a point when an individual has health defects (Bedford 2011). Fat people who could not digest fats tend to take excess sugar and carbohydrates that might overwhelm the body. It becomes hard to digest starch when the Amylase production is limited. The condition leads to the development of amylase deficiency in the body (Kirby 2009). Amylase may cause an allergic reaction to some particular individuals due to the presence of atrazine dye. Excess amylase could result in conditions where an individual fails to eat, but the enzyme production continues. It causes the enzyme to act on the stomach wall that might lead to stomach ulcer (Aehle 2007).
Poor diet has been the primary cause of amylase deficiency in the human body. Little amylase in the body leads to the formation of skin rashes constipation and allergy (Bedford 2011). Low enzyme concentration in the digestive track might also result in the formation of diseases like diabetes and blood sugar imbalance. It happens when the enzyme fails to convert glucose into glycogen or glycogen to glucose when the need arises (Aehle 2007). A lot of research has been carried out to study the changes in the level of amylase with a change in age. The study found that the rate of amylase production by the pancreas reduce by 41% at old age.
In summary, amylase enzyme contributes a greater percentage of the human life. Every human being eats carbohydrates and sugar (Aehle 2007). Digestion of these products has to take place hence enzyme amylase has to be produced for a healthy living. Every human being, therefore, has to consider his or her diet to enable a proper function of the enzyme (Bedford 2011).
Aehle, W., & Wiley InterScience (Online service). (2007). Enzymes in industry: Production and applications. Weinheim: Wiley-VCH.
Bedford, M. R., & Partridge, G. G. (2011). Enzymes in farm animal nutrition. Wallingford, Oxfordshire, UK: CABI Pub.
Copeland, R. A. (2013). Evaluation of enzyme inhibitors in drug discovery: A guide for medicinal chemists and pharmacologists. Hoboken, N.J: Wiley.
Kirby, A. J., & Hollfelder, F. (2009). From enzyme models to model enzymes. Cambridge, UK: Royal Society of Chemistry.
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