Examine the definitions of Intellectual Disability (Mental Retardation) and Specific Learning Disability

Examine the definitions of Intellectual Disability (Mental Retardation) and Specific Learning Disability

Intellectual Disability (Mental Retardation)

It is a tendency by students to demonstrate sub-average intellectual functioning that coincides with deficits in adaptive behavior and is undisguised during the developmental period. The disability tends to affect a student’s educational performance. Mentally retarded students tend to be slow in various aspects compared to their peers. They lag behind in social and emotional development, academic achievement, physical development and language ability among others.

Specific Learning Disability

This disability is exhibited by students that do not achieve adequately based on the state-approved grade level standards or the child’s age. This is prevalent even when they have been provided with instruction and learning experiences that are appropriate for their age in the areas of listening comprehension, oral expression, basic reading skills, written expression, reading comprehension and

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