What is FBA? Explain two functions of behavior with an example for each function
FBA entails various strategies that are used to assess the interaction that exists between a certain behavior and the environment in order to gain the ability of guessing various functions of the behavior at hand. The functions of behavior can be placed into two categories. The first one entails obtaining something desirable while the second one entails avoiding something undesirable. The first function is whereby children will tend to do positive things like completing their homework, chores e.t.c in order to gain recognition. The second involves indulging in negative behavior for sake of gaining attention.
Explain how you can assess a child’s environment in a 3-term contingency (A-B-C)
ABC stands for antecedent, behavior, and consequences. These terms are quite important when an individual is trying to asses a child’s environment. Antecedent tries to explore the events that occurred before a certain behavior was exhibited. This part helps in analyzing what aspects triggered this behavior. Behavior on its part entails those actions that can be observed. This includes everything that a child does. Consequences on the other hand entail the events that occur after a certain behavior. They help in determining whether the behavior has a chance of being repeated. Consequences serve as a means of decreasing or increasing behavior. The combination of the three terms would be helpful in assessing a child’s environment.
Explain the FBA procedure by summarizing specifics of individual stages
The first step usually entails the identification of the interfering behavior at hand. The behavior is defined and described appropriately. If the descriptions are vague, it becomes difficult to determine effective interventions. The second stage involves collection of information regarding various functions of behavior. Both direct and indirect measures of behavior are used at this stage. The accuracy of the behavior measurement ought to be established before conclusions are made. The next stage involves categorization of the behavior. This stage helps in establishing whether the behavior is as a result of a certain deficit that a child has. Analysis of the information then follows. This stage is used in the formation of a hypothesis. The final stage entails development of interventions based on the conclusions made.
Do you think behavioral interventions based on FBA address problem behaviors of children with disabilities? Why or why not? You can apply this question to the children you currently have.
Yes, interventions based on FBA can address the problems of children with disability. This is because it can help in identification of various antecedents that influence different behaviors. Elimination of these antecedents might help in eradication of the undesirable behavior. To deal with students with disability, there ought to be a way of collecting comprehensive information. FBA will play a critical part at this point.
What is Positive Behavior Support (PBS)?
PBS is the application of positive behavioral systems and interventions in an attempt of attaining a certain behavior change. Attention is spearheaded towards creating school environments that help to improve students’ lifestyle results.
What are the main elements of PBS?
PBS usually aims at the integration of its elements which include behavioral science, practical interventions, social values and systems perspective. Behavioral science focuses on factors that affect the durability and development of dangerous and disruptive behavior. Practical interventions are the mechanisms used to reduce and prevent problem behavior. Social value on its part follows a PBS tenet, which asserts that behavior change ought to be socially significant. On the other hand, systems perspective provides necessary support for adoption and continued use of effective school practices.
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