Flooding is a behavioral therapy approach used in the treatment of phobia by exposing a patient to their worst fears. Phobia is not a permanent situation but is instead a learned fear which can be treated by exposing the individual to what they fear. Flooding approach helps the person learn how to correct a behavior that she has already accepted. For a person who for example fears dog the treatment will be put him/her together with the dog tell them to stroke it. The patient can alternatively be asked to imagine a situation that creates fear and try to relax. The method, however, has its advantages and disadvantages as compared to other approaches such as systematic desensitization.
First, the approach is cost-effective because no medication is required. What is needed is only to learn how to cope in the environment with factors that create fear (Lang, 2017). Once the patient learns to be relaxed in such an environment, then they will no longer fear to be in that situation again. The approach is also less time consuming although this varies with the
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