Global Governance and International Organizations

Global Governance and International Organizations

Historical Background of the Bureau International Des Expositions

The Bureau International Des Exposition was founded in 1928 and started its operations in 1931 (Bureau International des Expositions n.d., p. 1). Currently, over 169 countries are members of the BIE. This intergovernmental organization is mandated to oversee and control all international exhibitions that have a lifespan of more than three-week and are Expos in nature. An Expo in this category refers to an international occasion that purposes at enlightening the populace, sharing inventions, supporting the development and promoting collaboration (Carta 2013, p. 388). The BIE works under the jurisdiction of the convention that must be connected with international exhibitions. After establishment, the organization was to meet the following objectives. First was to manage the timetable, the bidding, the selection and the organizational of world expositions. Second, to create a governing structure beneath which expo coordinators and members may work together in the finest environments.

BIE regulates four types of Expos; specialized expos, horticultural Expos, world expos, and Triennale di Milano. The organization has a mission and vision statements that assures the delivery of quality and the achievement of these world proceedings, safeguard the rights of their members, and organizers and conserve their fundamental principles of education, innovation, and togetherness. The 31 countries that formed this organization, it was as a result of achievement as well as the plea of expos (Bureau International des Expositions n.d., p. 1). The BIE participant states take part in all the decisions of the BIE, and they make every effort to upgrade the value of expos continuously. The head office of BIE is located in Paris (Bureau International des Expositions n.d., p. 1).

Challenges Facing the BIE Organization

An Expo unites the entire world in an organized state to look for solutions towards the central problem of humankind. This issue is the subject of Expo. In Milan 2015, the subject was “feeding the planet, energy for life,” and Astana 2017 will be devoted to “Future energy” (Deng, Poon and Chan 2016, p. 164). Practically the theme is addressed in a manner that all participants are either granted an exhibition space or a chance to build a pavilion. In these spaces, they can display case their skillset, innovation, and opinions concerning the subjects (Bogle 2013, p. 72). Additionally, conferences, workshops, debates and diplomatic as well as experts gatherings are planned. This permits members to develop new cooperation’s, look for solutions, and exchange their views and plan for better ways to handle future challenges (Weiss and Wilkinson 2013, p. 34). Some of the guidelines Expos set for the future solutions includes, Expo 2010 Shanghai, committed to upgrading the value of life in cities, another is “Shanghai Manual – a structure to sustain urban development in the 21st century” (Deng, Poon and Chan 2016, p. 165).

Globalization is another challenge that blocks BIE organization to accomplish its goals. The increasing characteristics of the globalized economy have an impact on the organization to call for intervention due to the different expositions in the host countries with a diversity of situations when they arise (Proctor 2014, p. 49). The strong effect involves alterations to the structure and the urban forms of the city or a broader empire within which the expos have taken place (Zervaki 2014, p. 11). Urbanization is considered one of the megatrends in BIE organization that will seriously influence and challenge the events industry by the year 2030. As the international market of expositions increases, there will be other market demands generated by people with a new type of expos (Carta 2013, p. 391). This means that organizers will be forced to learn the needs of their exhibitors, which will require an increased demand for intellectual skills.

Potential Feasible Solutions BIE Organizations Provide

BIE organizations have provided the following four criteria that apply to the initial expectation of an exposition and invisible effects generated by the challenges. The four actions provide solutions and more specifically evaluations towards curbing the problems. First, accommodating an expo has to do with urbanism program of a particular host country which consists growth of infrastructure improvement and urbanization of the nation. The BIE organization that host the expo expands or construct needed infrastructure such as roads, new spaces for a cultural experience. Second, it is about imparting pride in the local community and upgrading the city reputation in the international view. Such a factor is not directly connected to an economic aspect of a state however indirectly changes the insight of people, thus establishing a platform to improve people’s lifestyle and fulfillment in a particular local community.

Third, the economic effects of reserves are tough to strategize in exact proportions. Mostly, an intercontinental exposition supposedly can be evaluated with findings coming out many years after it is held (Weiss and Wilkinson 2013, p. 31). Plus according to results collected by BIE, not more than five intercontinental Expos have legalized surplus. Back in 1993, Daejeon Expo was a representative achievement with its additional of ninety billion won. Therefore, international Expos held in developing countries are found to attain a relatively considerable economic impact as they accelerate up the growth of their infrastructure (Zervaki 2014, p. 8). Accordingly, the last criteria should be not about building profits for a host city alone, but about creating a bigger type of benefit that consists of improving the national and industrial image for all countries and other organizations that exercise International Expos. Therefore, international exposition is created to promote the cultural and technological exchange among countries and reinvigorate their diplomatic relationships (Deng, Poon and Chan 2016, p. 167).

Future Outlook of BIE Organization

Expo 2017 is an international exhibition that has been planned by many organizations. It’s scheduled to take place in Astana between June and September 2017. BIE being the central body formulating the plans has a main theme which is “future energy” that anticipate holding a global discussion between countries, non-governmental, companies and the general public on the vital query: “how do we safeguard the safety and maintainable entry to energy for everybody whereas reducing carbon oxide release?” (Bureau International des Expositions n.d., p. 1). This theme, BIE has chosen as a plan, it will help all people across the globe targeted to focus on the future of energy, as well as on invention and theoretical approach to finding answers and postulates the effects it brings in future. The Expo 2017 has a subdivision topic “Solutions for Tackling Humankind’s Greatest Challenge” (Bureau International des Expositions n.d., p. 1). Additionally, the Expo will showcase forthcoming energy answers to deal with the community, economic and ecological problems.



Bureau International des Expositions. n.d. About us. [Online] Available at: [Accessed 12 February 2017].

Bogle, E., 2013. Museum exhibition planning and design. Lanham, Maryland: AltaMira Press.

Carta, S., 2013. The image of the Shanghai 2010 Expo the contribution of single pavilions to Shanghai’s global image. Frontiers of Architectural Research, 2(4), pp.387-399.

Deng, Y., Poon, S.W. and Chan, E.H.W., 2016. Planning mega-event built legacies–A case of Expo 2010. Habitat International, 53, pp.163-177.

Proctor, T., 2014. Creative problem solving for managers: developing skills for decision making and innovation. Routledge.

Zervaki, A., 2014. Resetting the Political Culture Agenda: From Polis to International Organization. Springer.

Weiss, T.G. and Wilkinson, R., 2013. International organization and global governance. Routledge.


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