Since September 11, 2001, businesses around the world and particularly global shipping and receiving at ports have changed. First, fulfilling orders for clients globally became more expensive after September 11, 2001, terrorist attack (Nelson, 2011). The Customs and Border Protection have enforced more regulations. Companies are required to ship fully loaded containers and in case a company cannot fill one, they have to share with others. This has resulted in more risk as federal agents increase their searches. Second, the event of September 11 propelled a change in cargo security measures (Peterson & Treat, 2008). The program developed after 9/11 focused on the pre-shipment examination of exports. The need for advanced information on the cargo and the mandatory screening disrupt the cross-border trade. However, the program allows the customs authorities to determine the risks of the goods by inspecting them.
The policies that have been added include the following. Prior to entering into the U.S, operators of sea carriers must provide the customs authorities with cargo manifest (Peterson & Treat, 2008). Similarly, the jurisdiction of the Coast Guards was increased from six miles to twelve miles. The United States’ Federal Congress amended the Merchant Marine Act, 1936 and approved Maritime Transportation Antiterrorism Act of 2002. The new bill was approved to ensure greater security at seaports by preventing the possibility of terrorist attacks (U.S. Customs and Border Protection, n.d.).
The best practice entails the efficient use of resources since industries have shown concern over fuel cost and availability. Companies need to understand the efficiency of freight system. Moreover, the best practice planning should entail an emphasis on risk management because it will help the company to cope with unreliable transport systems in situations of shortages and price increase. Lastly, best practice requires accessibility to business operations and the authority to control the loading and unloading sections.
Nelson, B. (2011, September 8). 16 Ways 9/11 Changed The Way We Do Business. Retrieved May 13, 2016, from http://www.forbes.com/sites/brettnelson/2011/09/08/16-ways-911-changed-the-way-we-do-business/#ff04f153a264
Peterson, J., & Treat, A. (2008). The post-9/11 global framework for cargo security. Journal of International Commerce and Economics, 1-30.
U.S. Customs and Border Protection. (n.d.). Retrieved May 13, 2016, from https://www.cbp.gov/