Group Dynamics and Counseling Skills

Group Dynamics and Counseling Skills

Yalom’s therapeutic factors

  1. Universality: this is when individual encounter the fact that the problem they are facing is similar to what other individuals face in their environment. They become tremendously satisfied by the feeling that they are not alone or unique in life in regards to the problems they are facing. An example is a disorder from substance abuse. This might impede their relationship with other people hence isolation.
  2. Altruism: this is the ability to have sense and value helping others in the group. Group therapy enables members to assist one another. The ability of an individual to realize that there is something valuable they can give other members of the group. Individuals struggling with drug and substance abuse tend to focus on their own problems and find it difficult to help those in need.
  3. Imparting information: the ability to exchange information with group members in a daily basis. The mutual sharing of success helps the group members to have positive energy. Individuals struggling with substance abuse can share with one another and get motivated by individual stories and experiences.
  4. Developing social skills: individuals in the group learn new ways of talking about his or her feelings, concerns and observations. Many substance and drug abusers are always field-dependent people who are conscious of those who they relate with. Group therapy do take advantage of socializing traits and they use these traits to facilitate change.
  5. Imitative behaviors: in group therapy, individuals do see therapists as their role model and they do imitate them on their way to recovery. Imitation is important source of learning especially in group learning.
  6. Interpersonal learning: groups give an opportunity for individuals to learn how to relate and be intimate. Interpersonal learning pays special attention to relationship issues. Individuals with drug and substance abuse challenges need interpersonal learning to be able to know how to relate with other people.
  7. Group cohesiveness: this is the sense of belonging which defines an individual and his or her relation to the group or him/herself. Individuals in drug and substance abuse therapeutic group need to know how to relate with one another.
  8. Catharsis: this is the process of releasing emotions that are suppressed in order to be able to heal by being able to disclose information to other individuals in the substance and drug abusers do become emotional as they share various experiences in their lives.
  9. Existential factors: this is the ability to live existentially and learn acceptance without escaping the challenges.
  10. Corrective recapitulation: this is the provision of solution of childhood and family events within the group. An example is when individuals in substance abuser group share what their family and childhood experience was like.
  11. Instillation of hope: this is the creation of a feeling of optimism among people with the group.

Group Development

Occupational therapy study is important in therapeutic intervention which promotes health, enhance individual skills, satisfaction and competence in various occupations. Groups need to understand occupational therapy so as to be able to practice and participate in matters which takes place daily.


  1. The stage of the group of dev is storming. The video shows one of the group member conflicted and in a rage of anger over the fear of unknown. He shows frustration and confronts the other flatly. The little conflict is important in bringing to light the weaknesses of each person.
  2. Chuck ; he does a maintenance role in the group, he shares his feelings to the group members and this helps the group make decision in term of self-conflict and challenges.


“Is it worth going back to the penitentiary Chuck?” can be converted to; “What do you think will happen to you chuck?”

“What do you think, you are better than me?” can be converted to; “what do you think?”


Character: Chuck

Q1:” What are you laughing at Dave?”

Q2:” ….are you laughing with me…”

Q3: What do you think, you are better than me?”

  1. Character: Chuck

You feel agree because you feel angry because you think you are not important, you are important though and you should know that.

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