Health Care Model Analysis

Hypothetical Case

The patient came to the clinic with the following symptoms: fever, headache, runny nose, sneezing, and chilis. Additionally, the patients exhibited respiratory discomfort with struggled breathing. In the last 24 hours, the patient had reported signs of heavy coughing that improved at first but only to worsen with time. Due to the severity of the issue and the probability of the situation developing more complications, the patient was admitted. This move was an effort to prevent the escalation to bacterial pneumonia. Additionally, since the patient was an adult of advanced age with diabetes, other conditions were ruled out, and he was diagnosed with influenza.

Medical Model

The medical model looks at the pathology, physiology, and biochemistry of the patient. Accordingly, the pathology of influenza is that it may represent a broad spectrum of diseases both severe and mild. Notably, the main attention of physicians is that the lesions in the respiratory tract are the most severe outcomes of influenza. The diagnosis of influenza is that it affects infants and elderly patients due to reduced immunity.

In most cases, influenza is a seasonal viral infection that is caused by either unpredictable pandemics or infections (Tamerius et al., 2010). It is also highly pathogenic and if not treated well can lead to pandemics.  Since the patient had diabetes, the flu presented a high-risk condition which can quickly escalate to hospitalization. This can be attributed to the statistic that diabetes affects the immune of individuals. For the treatment of the patient, antiviral drug treatment was administered with hospitalization to monitor development since the patient was elderly.  The treatment administered was a mild one considering the patient’s condition with diabetes.  This reduced the patient’s chances of getting pneumococcal diseases which may lead to severe complications. Likewise, the prescription for antiviral drugs helps fight the flu and ensure that the virus does not replicate in the body (Taubenberger & Morens, 2008). The drugs are effective in reducing the symptoms of the flu while at the same time ensuring that the condition does not get worse for the patient.

Holistic Health Model

This model is more focused on natural treatment for influenza. The patient employed homeopathy for the treatment of the infection. Classically, the homeopathic process would analyze the extent of the patient’s infection and prescribe an appropriate remedy. Based on the timeline from the start of the first symptoms the patient was given baptisia tinctora which would improve the patient’s breathing and also minimize the symptoms. The advantage of using this natural remedy is that it would help minimize the escalation of symptoms from the patient’s diabetic condition (Bodinet et al., 2002).

Epidemiological Triangle Model

The epidemiological triangle model is used to analyze the association between the host, the environment and causative agent. There is strong evidence that shows the relationship between environmental factors such as solar radiation on influenza. Additionally, it correlates with the trend of epidemics of influenza occurring rapidly during periods of increased radiation they disappear after the season is over (Tamerius et al., 2010).

Consequently, while looking at the host, there is a minimum occurrence that supports the transmission of influenza from sick patients to healthy patients.  This alienates the theory that the patient received a transmission of the disease from an infected person. For this reason, the infection of the patient is attached to his age and condition. Therefore, we conclude that the patient’s diabetes and age together with the condition caused his infection.

Examining the condition of the causative agent, the following conclusions are drawn is that the influenza virus thrives well in the warm environment resulting in epidemics. For the patient, the virus was able to replicate easily due to the climate and cause illness.

Social Model

Socially, the spread of diseases threatens family units and quality of life for the infected patient. The patient, while under medication, will require a lot of bed rest, therefore, missing out on social activities. Additionally, the patient’s condition exposes him to stigma because people don’t want to catch the flu from him. The patient was not able to run his activities with effectiveness, which contributes to a setback in his activities.

Reference

Bodinet, C., Mentel, R., Wegner, U., Lindequist, U., Teuscher, E., & Freudenstein, J. (2002). Effect of oral application of an immunomodulating plant extract on influenza virus types A infection in mice. Planta medica68(10), 896-900.

Tamerius, J., Nelson, M. I., Zhou, S. Z., Viboud, C., Miller, M. A., & Alonso, W. J. (2010). Global influenza seasonality: reconciling patterns across temperate and tropical regions. Environmental health perspectives119(4), 439-445.

Taubenberger, J. K., & Morens, D. M. (2008). The pathology of influenza virus infections. Annu. Rev. pathmechdis. Mech. Dis.3, 499-522.

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