Health Effects of Birth Control

One way men and women can prevent pregnancy is by using birth control methods. They are various birth control methods that both parties can use to avoid cases of pregnancy. They range from hormonal and artificial ways of preventing the male and female gametes from reaching each other. Hormonal associated technics of birth control will include pills that when correctly taken are always effective. They help ensure ovulation does not take place as no egg is produced implying there is nothing for the sperm to fertilize. Condoms, cervical cap, the vaginal ring, and tubal ligation are among the other ways of birth controls. Birth control pills are however among the most commonly used ways currently. Despite their high chances of success, the birth control pill can suppress the women menstruation cycle. The pills have some health-related effects which include vision problems, blood clots, Yeast infections, Cancer and cardiovascular problems and breakthrough bleeding.

Blood Clots

This is the most uncommon effect of oral contraceptives, but if it would occur, it is severe. According to Bateson et al. (2016) around twenty percent of women who take contraceptives are often at risk of having cases associated with blood clots. Those who are most likely to be at risk include anyone that is over thirty-five years, women with smoking habits, the overweight and any that have recently given birth and are now using birth control pill. Signs of getting blood clots that should be looked out for include breathing problems and chest pains. These could be signals that a person is most likely to have clots in the heart or lungs. Swelling, warmth, and pains in the leg might also indicate that there is clotting on the lower leg. Even though the cases are rare, hormonal changes caused by birth control pills may be the cause of blood clots in the body.

Vision Problems

Birth control pills are associated with hormonal changes which cause the thickening of the cornea. The process will lead to problems with contact lenses fitting correctly. Dry eye symptom is the other problem that is caused by these pills, therefore, affecting vision. That is because of the hormonal changes that send wrong signals to the eyes thus leaving someone with this condition. Some cases have birth control pills as the primary cause of angle glaucoma, and over time those with these problems will have problems with their sight (Stevens et al., 2017). Having this in mind it is clear cut that increased use of oral co

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