Historical Evolution of rehabilitation services in Hong Kong. Elaborate on the impacts and views of segregation, inclusion, and integration in current conditions.

Historical Evolution of rehabilitation services in Hong Kong. Elaborate on the impacts and views of segregation, inclusion, and integration in current conditions.

The intention of rehabilitation services in Hong Kong is to assist individuals with disabilities to improve their mental, social and physical potential to the best extent as permitted by their disability. The historical evolution of rehabilitation services in Hong Kong stems from the White Paper instituted in 1995 that concisely outlines the strategic decisions on the improvement of rehabilitation services over the next ten years and beyond. Another policy, The Disability Discrimination Ordinance (Cap 487) that has been exercised in full since 1996 ensures that individuals with disability get the legitimate motives to struggle for equal prospects and against harassment and discrimination. A household study conducted in 2013 indicated that Hong Kong has 579,500 individuals with limits in seeing, speech challenges, autism, hearing problems, hypersensitivity disorder, and precise learning challenges.

A different statistical appraisal conducted in Hong Kong revealed that the country has 72,000 to 110,000 individuals who have a mental disability. The growth of mental health services in Hong Kong can be divided into several phases; the pre-asylum stage (1842-1923), the asylum phase (1924-1949) the organization phase (1950-1966) the first rehabilitation phase (1967-1974) the federal rehabilitation epoch (1975-1982) and the community care vs civic control period (1983-1996). From the evolution of mental health services experienced in Hong Kong, it can be concisely illustrated that the objectives and tendencies of mental health have steadily developed from a detention phase to a treatment replica and eventually to a rehabilitation representation.  However, due to the lack of adequate governmental resources as well as the extreme opposition of stigmatization in public, rehabilitation services based in the Hong Kong community were found in the form of service units that were institution-like. When compared to the multinational societal care movement and de-institutionalization. Instead, the peculiar social and political framework created a parallel development of both the institutional concern as well as the communal care for individuals suffering from mental health challenges.

The education system in Hong Kong should be frequently changed to replicate a developing movement towards the provision of educational opportunities that are more equitable by commencing inclusive instructional practices. Recently, there have been noteworthy changes in the educational sector which have changed the whole-school strategy to an integrated educational system thus attracting much attention from the private sector and the government. The approach has a considerable effect on the pedagogical decisions made across each area in Hong Kong. The ratification of a philosophy that is more inclusive in Hong Kong has brought numerous alterations in the way that educational services are provided for disabled learners in mainstream learning institutions. The Hong Kong educational system considers segregation, inclusion, and integration through provision of a whole-schooling system that focuses on some of the main problems for the enabling of communal and professional societal collaboration which facilitates inclusive educational practices.

Review and analyze the advantages and disadvantages of rehabilitation services in Hong Kong. On-site pre-school rehabilitation services have to be explained.

Since the introduction of the Compensation Ordinance for workers in 1950s, Hong Kong has progressively made significant developments in the provision of rehabilitation services. During the early years, rehabilitation services were mainly founded on the biomedical theory whereby patients and doctors primarily focused on physical pathology and medical symptoms whenever clinical decisions were made. Since this period, there have been noteworthy achievements in Hong Kong’s local rehabilitation field. The developments in the rehabilitation field in Hong Kong include validation of medical instruments that are used in assessing employment readiness as well as the effectiveness of global programs for injured employees who focus on work-related outcomes. Nevertheless, the Hong Kong rehabilitation service has experienced reduced developments in the formulation of effective policies as well as the prevention of related programs that promote rehabilitation. Hong Kong lacks an in-built connection between compensation, prevention, and rehabilitation. The rehabilitation services in Hong Kong have several benefits including reduced stress of travel, convenience, privacy, and increased comfort and suitable creation of objectives that are relevant to the communal environment. The challenges faced b the rehabilitation system in Hong Kong include lack of floor space and equipment, reduced social interaction as well as an increase in levels of stress in caregivers.

Rehabilitation system of the United States and explain their services

The United States has for an extended period evaluated the success of its endeavors of improving the health status of its citizens based on the statistics of mortality. Nevertheless, there have been advances in human permanence that come with development in the prevalence and incidence of unceasing injury, disabilities and practical limitations. At this juncture in the progression of the country’s system of healthcare, prominence has started to change from the delivery of quantity to life to the delivery of quality. As a consequence, the government of the United States has been focusing not just on treatment and avoidance but also on rehabilitation.

The federal-state rehabilitation service in the United States spends more than $2.5 billion on an annual basis. The department plays significant roles in assisting individuals with disabilities to retain and obtain employment. The function of the US Department of rehabilitation is to ensure that it offers follow-along strategies for some clients which help examine the connections between employment effects and vocational services with individuals who get follow-along support. The rehabilitation services in the US are connected to employment outcomes. The National Institute of Rehabilitation services in the United States underscores research studies aimed at attaining inclusion standards in evidence-based systematic reviews. The Department of Education works with the Rehabilitation Services Administration to ensure that it emphasizes on the technical rehabilitation services which incorporate clinical expertise with the most competent research evidence as well as client perceptions. Undoubtedly, there are external and internal rehabilitation pressures which are perceived as services that are effective thus ensuring that rehabilitation counselors utilize various evidence-based involvements in their practice else they might be exposed to the danger of losing funding and support.


Elaborate your opinions on the rehabilitation services and community resources between Hong Kong and the US

Rehabilitation services in the United States are centered on deinstitutionalizing of individuals especially those suffering from mental sickness. Hong Kong, on the other hand, has not productively invested in ensuring that it provides these services in rehabilitation centers across the country. Most rehabilitation agencies in Hong Kong lack tolerance for individuals with psychiatric issues and is further characterized by community care services that are underdeveloped. The United States, however, has made investments in its rehabilitation services thus making sure that individuals with psychiatric challenges are given appropriate care. Rehabilitation services in Hong Kong are characterized by disintegration of family structure as well as the development of social structures that are scanty. Generally, the trend adopted in Hong Kong regarding the development of community care and rehabilitation has mainly centered on individuals who show effective responses to rehabilitative procedures. The United States, on the contrary, ensures that individuals who do not respond well to treatment are given intensive medical care in the different rehabilitation units across the country.

The United States Rehabilitation service converted some of the hospitals to treatment centers for individuals with schizophrenia. In Hong Kong, a significant percentage of the healthcare possessions for the provision of psychiatric services are channeled to the provision of support to hospital services. While the different cultural, social and political circumstances might have influenced the setting and development of different priorities in the United States, the Special Administrative Region in Hong Kong government has not yet been able to establish a general policy on mental health that might assist in guiding the development of Hong Kong’s rehabilitation services. Hong Kong has not been able to adopt the different rehabilitation acts which focus on mental health concerns similar to what has taken place in the United States. Another matter is that the United States uses the cluster-based replica when rehabilitating individuals suffering from mental health challenges. Unfortunately, Hong Kong has not been able to implement this structure even though it has successfully been used in the United States and other countries.