The humanitarian protection agencies are mainly aimed to safeguard the lives of people in case of a conflict. They seek to ensure that participants in the conflicts abide by the law regarding the protection of human rights. According to international law, the lives of civilians should be protected in times of armed conflicts. The humanitarian protection agenda and the state have a role to play in such instances. This implies that they should work together towards safeguarding the rights of the civilians. It is the primary responsibility of the state to protect the populations within the jurisdiction. The state has the responsibility to protect the dignity and rights of the at-risk population. This can be achieved by offering financial support, as well as passing policies aimed at preserving the affected populations in the states.
Humanitarian agencies get involved in response to a crisis when the state is unable to deal with the matter on its own. They can participate in life-saving actions and facilitating adherence to international law. This implies that the state and the humanitarian agencies have a similar role when it comes to a severe crisis. Both are charged with the responsibility of protecting the rights of the people. One way the state can respond to a crisis is offering support to humanitarian live-saving actions. This implies that they should work together in collaboration to save the affected lives and communities. External organizations cannot be successful without proper back up from the state, which has the primary role of protecting the population within its jurisdiction. This implies that both the state and the humanitarian protection agenda have similar functions in response to a crisis. Both of them have the same role of protecting the affected populations in the case of an armed turmoil.
In some cases, there is friction between the humanitarian protection agenda and the role of the state. This mostly occurs when the country is a significant cause of the conflicts being witnessed in a region. In such a circumstance, it becomes difficult for humanitarian agencies to get in and protect civilians from armed attacks. The humanitarian agencies cannot work effectively without the support of the State. This implies that in cases where political differences in the state cause the conflicts, the role of the state contradicts the humanitarian protection agenda. In such cases, the state may decide to use armed conflicts to force the civilians to adhere to specific policies. As a result, the government can be against the role of humanitarian agencies to protect the lives of the civilians in the affected region. This has been a challenge to the humanitarian agencies towards achieving their agenda.
Friction between the humanitarian protection agenda and the role of state occurs when the government comes up with policies to counter the effects of armed conflicts. In some cases, the state can come up with anti-terror regulations, where they act without considering the rights of the civilians, In such instances, there is friction between the humanitarian protection agenda and the role of the state in crisis. Although the humanitarian agencies are aimed at protecting the lives and dignity of the civilians, they cannot achieve it without the support of the state. Thus, the humanitarian protection agenda and the state have a role in protecting the rights of the civilians. However, friction occurs when the state is a significant cause of the conflicts being witnessed. Additionally, the strategy used by the state to counter armed conflicts can result in friction between the role of the state and the humanitarian protection agenda.
There are various central challenges ton effective protection work. One of the main ones is the lack of adherence to international law. It hinders the humanitarian agencies from being able to implement policies aimed at protecting the lives of civilians. Another central challenge is the lack of cooperation between the humanitarian agencies and the states. It makes it hard for protective agencies to secure the lives and dignity of civilians. Humanitarian agencies only get involved in a crisis when the country is not able to handle the matter on its own. This implies that unless the state calls for external agencies to take part in the conflicts; it is not possible for protection to be achieved. Another challenge to protection is the politicization of the agenda of humanitarian agencies. There are various institutional and sectoral barriers which prevent effective protection from being achieved. There are multiple institutions which should take part in protecting the lives of civilians. When they do not corporate, then it becomes difficult to achieve adequate protection. Additionally, the conflict between various sectors can act as a barrier to effective security. In most cases, conflict arises as a result of political differences. Without proper financial support from the government and other relevant sectors, it is not possible to achieve effective protection. Thus, the lack of corporation between the relevant agencies and adherence to the set laws can prevent effective protection from being achieved.
There is a gap between the laws put in place to protect civilians during conflicts and reality. The international humanitarian law was put in place to protect the lives of civilians. They should be adhered to by all the parties to the conflict including the reality. However, this does not happen in reality. In most cases, the state is not devoted to protecting the lives of the civilians in the conflicts. A gap exists between what is required by the law, and war happens in reality. In most cases, the state does not make efforts to protect the civilians. Sometimes it comes up with regulations which are against the rights of the affected people. Additionally, although humanitarian agencies are aimed to protect the affected people, this is not achieved in most cases. Thus, there is a gap in what is required by the law and the outcomes achieved from the efforts of protection agencies.
Protection refers to the activities carried out by different agencies to safeguard the lives and dignity of people during a crisis. It can be carried out by various organizations, including the state. On the other hand, protection outcomes refer to the results obtained as a result of the efforts of protection agencies. The protection may be carried out to achieve particular results. However, depending on the circumstances, the unexpected results may be obtained. Thus, it is not a must for protection to achieve the desired outcomes. In most cases, the results of a protection effort may be contrary to the anticipated ones. This majorly occurs when there are gaps between the requirements of the law and reality. Thus, protection and the outcomes are different things, which depend on the method used to respond to the crisis.
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