Most cities in the world consist of densely populated central urban areas. These large cities also include suburban areas that are made up of rural communities and neighbourhoods. Throughout the years, the desire to separate work life and home life have increased, causing an increase in suburban populations. This occurs when people from urban areas shift to suburbs. Various factors have led to the thrive of suburbanization, such as advancements in transportation and technology such as possession of personal automobiles, improvements in internet services which has enabled people to work from home rather than commute to work in the cities. In America, suburbs have been built for particular groups of people and around certain schools, places of worship, businesses like restaurants, shopping malls, and entertainment facilities. The advance of technological amenities in such areas has allowed American suburban residents especially women to work from home rather than commute.
Recent developments in communication technology such as internet services, the growth of email and home video conferencing, have enabled more women to work from home and manage their businesses quite efficiently. Although this can happen in the city as well, the effect is decentralising due to centralisation. Moreover, the availability of cheap telecommunication services has erased the need for company headquarters to be within quick courier distance of their warehouses and deports. This is because urban areas suffer from traffic congestion, which creates extra driver costs for the company. However, this cost is reduced if they are in a suburban area near a highway. Additionally, rural land and property tax rates are reasonably affordable; thus, encouraging more women to move from the cities to grow the businesses they desire.
Suburban areas are also less inhabited hence encouraging more room for industries and residential settlements at the same time. This is because the cost of buying land or renting space is cheaper than in the city. Moreover, the suburbs are less busy and less noisy thereby encouraging women to start and grow families more peacefully. Their absence of regular traffic enables mothers to feel safe because children can go out and play at any time without the fear of their children getting run over by cars all the time. Additionally, suburbs are much smaller as compared to cities, and this enables women to do house chores and get to work on time and also get home on time to be with their families. In some cases, the women can go back for quick breaks in the case of a family emergency.
As more jobs come up, whereas some are moved to the suburbs rather than in the central city, that the suburbs grew out of, has led to an increase in traffic patterns, which for decades centered on people commuting into the center city, to work in the morning and then return home in the evening, has become more complex, with the growing population that has resulted to intra-suburban traffic increasing tremendously.
J Iceland, R Wilkes – Social Problems, 2006 – academic.oup.com
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