The 1807 Embargo act banned American business people from importing commodities from other countries. The prohibition led to a lack of access to essential products from nations like France and England. Also, the 1812 war made the US block its coastline from foreign invasion and trade leading to a halt in trading activities. The US faced a shortage of essential commodities due to the two scenarios hence devoting to invent its products with the aim of restoring business activities in the Nation. The country produced a number of discoveries that significantly contributed to industrialization.
Americans made numerous discoveries between the periods of 1815 through 1860 that led to industrialization that affected not only the nation but also the world in general. An American scientist invented Railway transport in 1831 (Bowditch, 2016, p.474). After its installation, it helped in promoting the growth of industries such as coal and steel from extraction points to destinations industrial use (Scientific American magazine, 1846, p.34). Also, the railway has sped up mobility of commodities and other factors of production to market hence encouraging mass production, economic specialization with the resulting impact on the growth of industries.
Another invention was the Bessemer machine that was used to produce steel from molten pig iron in 1856. The device could produce high-quality steel in large amounts. The technology made steel the essential material that could be used to create a number of appliances and machines, ships, buildings and infrastructure, a factor that led to rapid development of steel industry in the US and its neighboring countries. The American scientists also invented an electrical generator in 1832 that was used primarily for lighting (Bowditch, 2016, p.473). Lastly, American innovator constructed its first photograph in 1816 that helped the media personnel and health practitioners to improve their professional practices. The photograph has aided in industrial developments since medical industries have employed it in research activities to establish pathogens altering body function.
New Power Sources
The surge of discoveries led to the innovation of different energy sources. Natural gas was discovered in 1821 and became the primary source of lamp fuel. Secondly, oil was invented in 1859 when the private developers dug the first oil well in the US and began oil production in 1878(John, 2014, p.63). Also, scientists in the US discovered natural energy source in 1854 when they installed the first wind and hydroelectric water plants. The energy sources were used to run sawmills in industries, iron foundries as well as in household lighting (John, 2014, p.57). The two power sources replaced charcoal and coal that were a threat to environmental conservation.
Communication and Industrialization
Industrialization revolutionized communication in various ways. Firstly, industrialization led to the invention of the electric telegraph that replaced semaphore in 1837. In 1856, there was an invention of wireless telegraphic that enabled the urban dwellers to reach the rural people. The telegraphs allowed people to remain in contact as well as understanding events taking place in the changing economic, political and social environments. Furthermore, the wireless telegraph formed the basis of the modern radio.
Scientific discoveries in the US led to numerous developments in the industrial sector such as timely mobility of factors of production as well as mass production of quality products. Furthermore, the industrial revolution led to improvement in communication sector since the telegraphs aided in good communication as well as helping people to understand the prevailing societal issues.
Bowditch, J. (2016). Ingenious machinists: Two inventive lives from the American industrial revolution by Anthony J. Conners (review). Technology and Culture, 57(2), 473- 474. doi:10.1353/tech.2016.0052
John D. M. (2014).The dawn of innovation: The first American industrial revolution Society for Industrial Archeology. Retrieved from: www.academia.edu/…/A_review_of_Home_Fires_How_Americans_Kept_Warm..
Scientific American magazine (1846). The advocate of Industry and Journal of Scientific, Mechanical and Other Improvements. Vol. 2 Issue 1.Retrieved from: Scientific American (Vol. 2 Issue 1) (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.