Infants at risk of autism and developmental disorders: Establishing early social skills

Infants at risk of autism and developmental disorders: Establishing early social skills

Article#1 Review

Name: _______________________________________________________________________

Article Title:

The title of the article is Infants at risk of autism and developmental disorders: Establishing early social skills.

Author(s) of the article:

The authors of the article are Neimy Hayley, Pelaez Martha, Carrow Jacqueline, Monlux Katerina, and Tarbox Jonathan

Briefly state the main idea of this article:

The main idea that has been presented in this article is the risk of infants who have autism as well as other developmental disorders. The article further explores some of the intervention mechanisms that could help correct this disorder in infants.

List three important facts the author uses to support the main idea:

The three critical aspects that are used by the author in supporting his main idea are the developmental disorders, a historical analysis of the condition of autism as well as the establishment of early social skills. Parents could evaluate the development of their children as early as possible to detect whether they could be suffering from the condition of autism or not.

What information or ideas discussed in this article are also discussed in your class lectures?

Within the class context, we have identified various conditions that children are exposed to. There are some of the conditions that children suffer from which can be corrected while some cannot be corrected completely. The article discusses the developmental disorder referred to as autism. It is among some of the main issues that have been discussed in class.

What is the conclusion of the author?  Do you agree or disagree and why?

The author concludes that with the early signs of autism being identified, the caregivers are in a position of engaging the child with various social skills such that they with time, they are likely capable of changing their repetitive behavior.

Article Summary

In this article, the author has discussed some of the early markers of infants as well as children at the risk of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) as well as other related developmental disorders. The article has additionally reviewed some of the studies that have used operant contingencies in shaping the social skills in the typical as well as atypical infants. Autism is the complex neurobehavioral condition which includes impairment in the social interactions as well as the development language as well as communication skills which are combined with rigid and repetitive behavior (Neimy et al., 2017).

Children who have autism usually have trouble in communication and basically, have a problem understanding the general thoughts and feelings of other peoples. Infants are likely to develop autism in their early stages of development which therefore is likely to affect their development even as they grow into babies. The article has emphasized on the use of the operant learning models in the facilitation of the early acquisition of the social skills in infant such as eye contact, social referencing, joint attention as well as vocal responding(Neimy et al., 2017). The range, as well as the severity of the symptoms, could vary significantly.

However, some of the common symptoms are difficulty in social interactions, obsessive interests as well as behaviors that are repetitive. The article further discussed research that shows how some contingencies of reinforcement measures could be used and implemented by caregivers in ensuring that the infants get to develop effective and appropriate social behaviors. The assumption by the researchers is that when these early social repertoires have been strengthened, the subsequent developmental problems severity could be lessened or even mitigated in infants who have demonstrated such signs and have been identified to be at risk.



Neimy, H., Pelaez, M., Carrow, J., Monlux, K., & Tarbox, J. (2017). Infants at risk of autism and developmental disorders: Establishing early social skills. Behavioral Development Bulletin, 22(1), 6-22. Retrieved from

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