Informational speech

Outline

Topic: Cars

General purpose: To inform the audience about cars

Specific purpose: To educate the audience about the history, evolution, and the future of automobiles.

Thesis: From the simple designs of cars established to improve transportation, cars have evolved in terms of designs, models, and efficiency, yet manufacturers are still looking for new and innovative ways to better the efficiency and sustainability of the cars.

  1. Introduction
  2. Attention getter

Did you know that right now, approximately one billion cars are being used around the world? A car, also referred to as an automobile, is a combination of two phrases, auto (Greek) and mobile (a French word). For most people, owning a car is mainly associated with the convenience of transportation. However, for others, a car is a lifestyle that provides insight into the personality of the owner. Nicolas-Joseph Cugnot created the first car in the form of a steam-powered tricycle in 1769.

  1. Rationale

Developing an understanding of the history and evolution of cars helps to appreciate the current trends in the automobile industry. Also, analyzing the evolution timeline of cars can help forecast future trends.

  1. Thesis statement

From the simplistic designs of cars established to improve transportation, cars have evolved in terms of designs, models, and efficiency, yet manufacturers are still looking for new and innovative ways to better the efficiency and sustainability of the cars.

  1. Preview of main points
  2. First will be a discussion about the history of cars.
  3. My second point of focus will involve the evolution of automobiles.
  4. Lastly, I will provide insight into the future of cars.
  5. Body

Based on a historical analysis, the car was invented to transport passengers, with the most practical vehicle in history being Karl Benz’s invention, which used a gasoline-powered internal-combustion engine.

  1. The idea of automobiles came as an improvement from the historical horse carriages

According to a book titled A social history of American automobile design, cars can be seen to represent much more than a transportation aid.

“While growing up in a working-class family in a Houston suburb, automobiles had given my family, especially my father and me, something to believe in, meaning and focus for our lives…” (Gartman3).

History also shows that cars have contributed significantly towards social change, especially in the 1920s.

Transition

From the original steam-powered tricycle, cars have evolved to result in improved balance, and steering and through great innovations in technology, cars are now shifting from reliance on petroleum fuel, to electric power.

  1. Incredible innovations have changed the automobile industry significantly over the past decades.

The evolution of cars has for a long time been based on the appearance or design, and functions of the vehicle.

Having been initially developed solely for the transportation of people, cars eventually evolved to be used as crucial sporting tools, by incorporating the four-wheel function for off-road races.

“Audi proved the Quattro’s performance potential by entering and dominating the sport of rallying, where its four-wheel drive was a key asset.”(McIlroy 1).

Despite the changes or evolution of cars over time, the basics in terms of steering, the combustion engine, and gearbox operate at a relatively similar principle, with the innovations being focused on creating a car that people are willing to buy.

Transition

Electric cars are the future and are a significant evolution necessitated by the need to address environmental concerns relating to global warming.

  1. The future of automobiles is promising as it seeks to address present challenges related to safety and will improve the driving experience to be more fun.

In the next five to ten years, technological innovations will significantly change how human beings drive cars.

It is expected that the future cars will be smarter and will be driverless cars, meaning that the cars will be in a position to park themselves and assess the alertness of the drivers, making the cars safer than what we have today.

Future cars will also engage technologies that will ensure cars can communicate with each other to avoid collisions.

“Thanks to onboard computers that operate everything from the stereo and navigation to the brakes and accelerator, the era of “big data” is coming to the automobile.” (Valdes-Dapena 1).

  • Conclusion
  1. Review of thesis and main points

Thesis: From the simplistic designs of cars established to improve transportation, cars have evolved in terms of designs, models, and efficiency, yet manufacturers are still looking for new and innovative ways to better the efficiency and sustainability of the cars.

Main points

  1. First will be a discussion about the history of cars.
  2. My second point of focus will involve the evolution of automobiles.
  3. Lastly, I will provide insight into the future of cars.
  4. Memorable thought

Car Companies such as Ford and Toyota invest so much on the development of automobile innovations and inventions to create a product that is pleasing to the customer. However, it is surprising to note that 95% of a car’s lifetime is spent on parking, whereas the remaining percentage of the time cars are in operation result in global warming. Despite the potential for new technologies to address the environmental and safety challenges caused by vehicles, it is essential to look into simpler transportation solutions such as the bicycle.

  1. Thanking the audience

Work cited

Gartman, David. Auto-opium: A social history of American automobile design. Routledge, 2013.

McIlroy, John. “Top Innovations That Changed Cars Forever.” CNN Style, 2016, https://edition.cnn.com/style/article/car-innovations/index.html. Accessed 21 Feb 2019.

Valdes-Dapena, Peter. “The CNN 10: Future Of Driving”. CNN, 2014, https://edition.cnn.com/interactive/2014/02/tech/cnn10-future-of-driving/. Accessed 21 Feb 2019.

Quotation table

Quote Author Page no.
“While growing up in a working-class family in a Houston suburb, automobiles had given my family, especially my father and me, something to believe in, a meaning and focus for our lives.” David Gartman 3
“Audi proved the Quattro’s performance potential by entering and dominating the sport of rallying, where its four-wheel drive was a key asset.” John Mcllroy 1
“Thanks to on-board computers that operate everything from the stereo and navigation to the brakes and accelerator, the era of “big data” is coming to the automobile.” Peter Valdes-Dapena 1

 

 
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