Introduction to E-Waste Problem

Introduction to E-Waste Problem

Definition of E-Waste

Electronic waste refers to the trash which is generated from broken, surplus and obsolete electronic devices. E-waste is created after discarding of an electronic product probably when the useful life ends. A large quantity of electronic waste is being produced every minute due to the swift expansion of technology. Electronic waste is mainly derived from discarded computers, television sets, refrigerators, mobile phones as well as office and electronic entertainment devices.

 

What Makes E-Waste So Bad

Electronic waste products are hazardous because it comprises a list of chemicals such as lead, cadmium, mercury, brominated flame retardants and beryllium that are harmful to both people and the surrounding. Poor mishandling during disposal of electronic wastes leads to the chemicals ending up in water, air, and soil (Premalatha et al. 1630). The worst thing when it comes to handling and disposing of electronic wastes is that the substances are sometimes illegally exported to countries which do not have laws on how to manage. Once the waste is dumped in countries, valuable materials are recovered although in unsafe working conditions.

 

 

E-Waste in Guiyu City

Guiyu City which is in China is termed as the worlds e-waste capital. For instance, Guiyu city employs more than 150 000 E-waste recyclers, dis-assemblers as well as salvage workers toiling through sixteen hours a day while tearing apart waste computers together with other electronic devices (Wenqing et al. 87). The employees work in recapturing any metals or other valuable parts which can be sold or even re-used. By using their hand, the labors thoroughly reduce each equipment piece to the smallest parts. The equipment pieces are then taken to ‘specialists,’ laborers who are keen to striping wires for the contained copper or even melting of lead solder from the circuit panels.

The workers use nascent methods which leave them unprotected to environmental dangers. For instance, circuit boards, as well as other computer components, are individually burned over fires for extraction of metals. Thus, the casting processes release large quantities of poisonous gases to the atmosphere. Plastic is graded according to their quality and other parts burned for separating of plastic from scrap metals. After the full dismembering, any of the residual combustibles are left burning in open fires which leads to filling of the atmosphere with pungent plastic stench, paint, and rubber.

Environmental and Health Impacts of E-Waste

The environmental and health side effects of e-waste are incredibly harmful because the air cannot be safe for breathing nor is the water suitable for drinking. E-waste causes health problems due to the presence of lead and other poisonous metals in human blood (Song et al. 457). In Guiyu City things are worse for the residents because of the toxic air and unsafe

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