Theism is a worldview that refers to believe in God and is not as common as supernaturalism. There are two types of theism namely monotheism and polytheism. Monotheism has a history in Judeo-Christian and Islamic tradition whereby the theists believe in the existence of one supernatural being (Chappell, 2013). In Christianity, it begins in the first chapter of the Bible Genesis where the author is specific on the God that he is addressing. The author refers to Yahweh and not any other supernatural thing such as moon or sun. In polytheism there I a belief that there are several gods as well as goddesses.
Theists see God as a morally right creator of heaven and earth, and they have a code of ethics that outline what is morally right or wrong. The morality, therefore, differs depending on what one believes in, so there is a difference in for example between theists and atheists. Religion acts as a moral guide, and sometimes people with deviant behavior are considered as non-Christians (Chappell, 2013). For example, Christians are expected to be generous and have dignity for life which means that they should not kill.
Monotheists believe that God created heaven and earth and their final destiny is eternal life (Cottingham, 2016). Sinners will be judged, and the others will get eternal life. There are however those who feel that theism is incoherent and is just a hypothesis. Those who object theism are referred to as theism and have their different opinion about existence and destiny. They do not believe in creation but instead base their arguments on things such as evolution.
Cottingham, J. (2016). Theism and Meaning in Life. European Journal for Philosophy of Religion, 8(2), 47-58.
Chappell, T. (2013). Theism, History, and Experience | Issue 99 | Philosophy Now. Retrieved from https://philosophynow.org/issues/99/Theism_History_and_Experience
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