The controversy revolving around the morality of hacking stems from the negative implication associated with the concept. Indeed, hacking has been the basis of numerous legislative policies geared towards the privacy and security of information. Despite this negative association, hacking cannot be regarded as an unethical process when done alone. The intentions behind the event of hacking determine whether the process is ethical or not. Usually, hacking is considered immoral when it is misused to cause harm to the affected parties. Nonetheless, hacking can also be used positively to gauge the security of an organization’s system and in identifying weaknesses that need immediate attention (Basta & Brown, 2016). In such cases, the use of hacking has no negative implication and is actually used in advancing a positive cause. Some scholars have also argued that the process, even when moral, may cause long term drawbacks through indirect causes.
Such was the case when ACME Security held a hacking contest to test the resilience of its system. Hackers were required to try and access the unauthorized system with the first person to succeed becoming the winner. Naturally, the contest bears no unethical implications as the hacking is warranted and permitted by the concerned party. However, there are negative indirect implications to be witnessed in the long term regarding the proliferation of hackers in the industry. Regardless, the ACME contest is testament that hacking is an unethical practice with long-term repercussions.
Basically, the morality of hacking is dependent on the type and form of hacking that is being advanced. Hackers are classified into three different types based on the intentions and implications of their hacking activities. The harmless category involves white-hat hackers. The hacking that was commissioned by ACME is a good example of this type of hacking. Usually, the hacking is done under the permission of the relevant organization and is meant to identify various weaknesses in a system. This helps the organization involved in developing a strong system that is not viable to malicious attacks (Regalado, 2015). Theref
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