According to the video, what stage are you in Kohlberg’s Moral Stages of Development? Do you agree with the assessment or explanation in that particular stage? Notice that there are sub-sections in each stage as well. Can you identify with a specific sub-section in your identified stage? Explain your answer
According to the video, I am at Level 3, stage 5 or 6 in Kohlberg’s Moral Stages of Development. I do agree with most of the assessment made for this particular stage, but not all of it. At the beginning of stage 5, Kohlberg talks about totalitarianism and I think he tries to link it to stage 5, which is a little harsh. Totalitarianism is a strong concept to use in which the government is in control of everything, but yet he says that in stage 5 people are ok with breaking rules if it’s to help people which to me would not be totalitarianism. However, I do agree with the rest of the assessment because it reflects the way I view life. I would be at stage 5 and not 6, because I do believe in rules and regulations and that they should be followed more often than not, but I also believe there should be a few exceptions when it comes to upholding a rule or saving human life, and saving human life is much more valuable. The reason why I believe this is because humans constantly make mistakes when it comes to rules and regulations. Laws continue to change constantly depending on society’s needs. There is no right or wrong rule, just what a society believes, and when it comes to life, life does not change it stays the same. Once a life is lost, it’s lost forever and laws can be changed to save a life but it’s a slow process and can happen days after a death, but by then the new law would have been too late to save that person.
If we were to run a similar research studies as Kohlberg’s today (his were run in the late 1950’s – 1970) what would or should be different, if anything, about the individuals who would be asked to participate? Do you think there would be drastic differences in answers from young people today (same age as Kohlberg’s groups) or do you think that the results would be the same? Explain your answer.
I think if research studies were done today, the outcome of people’s answers would be the same with few, minor changes. The reason why I believe there would be minor changes is because a lot of people today believe that pharmaceutical companies are making a lot of revenue by charging people outrageous amounts of money and not trying to cure the patient. This is why I believe a few years ago there was a big push for affordable healthcare for everyone.
In addition, I think people would be willing to commit crimes, like stealing, in order to secure the medication needed by their loved ones, since what they earn is not enough to support the high cost of medicines nowadays. One factor that can be looked at is the stagnant condition of minimum wage salary; as it is maintained at a low amount, the cost of living is skyrocketing, further widening the gap between the rich and the poor. Another perspective that can be associated with the decline in criminal activities with regards to medicines, is that people may be having more interest in natural or organic remedies for the treatment of their family members. These may be one the reasons for the minor changes in Kohlberg’s research if it was done today.
Read through all of the ‘Theories of Ethics’ discussed in class. Pick three that you identify with the most in relationship to how you might make moral or ethical decisions and describe why you picked those three. In addition, describe a situation in your life when you made a decision that related to ONE of the theories you chose.
First, I would choose the ethics of our inner voice since I usually do what I think is ethical and not what society or religion dictates me to do. Society is always changing and most people are uneducated and believes everything they see on television; in my case, I usually do what I think is right. My next choice would be Ethical Egoism, since I was used to not receiving any help at all. My parents had nothing to give me and couldn’t help me, so sometimes when I do things, I would often consider doing it only for myself. I had to do things alone mostly on my life; like joining the military, applying for college, and even buying my own car. Last, but not least, is the Ethics of Rights because I believe that people should have basic rights, like the right to live and to be treated equal. Humans should never be treated like savages, especially that most people in the world are civilized. I would even go as far as saying that even animals have their own rights too. The only reason why animals are killed would be due to accidents or for the reason of human survival, that is, to have sufficient food.
An example of Ethical Egoism that I went through was when I decided to join the military. I knew that if I joined the military, I would be putting myself at risk and I was not thinking about how it affect the rest of my family. Well, I actually did not care about what the members of my family would think with what I am doing, because it was a way for me to make money, serve my country, and get into college. At that point in life, I was just plainly findings ways to have a bright future. Me leaving home to join the military was so hard for my family, not only that I was the first one to leave the house, but I was also the first one to join the military with the intention of going to Iraq. Today, I see how my selfishness changed the way my family runs. My mother now allows my little brothers and sisters to work while they are going to school so they could have some savings when they graduate, which, my case, was not allowed. This may have led me to pursue my own selfish ways such as joining the army, so I could do things which I deem important for myself.
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