The Chilena is a form of music which is very prominent in the southern parts of Mexico. It is typically played in Guerrero and Oaxaca states of Mexico. It is made up of contemporary hybrid styles as well as subgenres which are very vital in serving culturally distinct populations. The Chilena however, is surrounded by many narratives and strategies which are rhetorical and whose primary interest is trying to explain the ideal origin of this music. Apart from the tales and cultural outlooks surrounding the Chilena, there are also some strategies set to try and incorporate it into a region in Mexico known as the Sones. This is aimed at classifying the Chilena and Mexican Son in the same genre. There is a close relationship between the social as well as musical aspects in the construction of a musical style and the contemporary or historical narratives the nation, race, and regionalism. The Chilena, however, has a number of its related forms from South America and is believed to have originated from the Hispanic Pacific coast, from Peru and Chile into Mexico. This is the reason why it was dabbed the name the “Chilena” since it is initially believed to have originated from Chile.
The Mexican son which is a type of music originally from Mexico shares some contextual, formalistic and musical traits with the Chilena which is why they were trying to incorporate it into the Sones region in Mexico where the son originates. Even though this is the case, the Chilena has some distinct uniqueness compared to the Son. One of the essential uniqueness is it has been able to endure as a popular regional form of music which is characterized by other genres which have become popular like the Banda and Cumbia. The Chilena has remained a vital type of music as compared to other son genres and has been able to borrow some critical elements from other music genres, making it even more popular in the southern part of Mexico. It is music exhibiting a diverse culture since it represents many populations including the Negro, Afro-Mexican and the Afro-Mestizo.