Leadership and Management

  1. Define what the difference between leadership and management is.

Leadership encompasses the ability to inspire or influence followers towards contributing creatively towards solving problems. Conversely, management refers to the process of getting people together to achieve organizational goals by using the available resources efficiently.

  1. Explain how the traditional correctional administration ran the correctional facilities.

The traditional correctional administration emphasizes on segregation, punishment, and isolation of criminals from the community.

  1. Define the role of a correctional officer in the traditional administration verse the modern administration

In traditional administration, the correctional officer provides protection from the public and makes prison life unpleasant for prisoners. Conversely, in the modern administration, correctional officers try to rehabilitate inmate. They emphasize on offender reform by treating them well.

  1. Describe the difference between mission and vision when it comes to leadership in the prison department.


Mission entails the central purpose for the existence of the prison department. It provides a description of the prison department and its overall intention. For instance, the leadership in the prison department may have a mission to create a safer environment for staff and prisoners by holding offenders accountable. The vision describes how the prison department would appear in the future and it is shown in the actions, values, beliefs and goals of the department’s leaders.

  1. Why is it important that rules and regulations be established in the running of the prison system?

First, Rules and regulations are important to keep staff and prisoners safe. Rules are used to hold offenders accountable for their actions, and this will prevent harm to other people. Second, rules ensure fairness and respect for the rights of people. Rules ensure both the offender and the offended get justice. Third, rules maintain discipline.

  1. Explain why diversity is important in corrections.

Diversity helps to eliminate stereotyped preconceptions in prison facilities. Moreover, it enhances respect and engages critical thinking among different groups while strengthening their relationship.

  1. What role does probation officer play in corrections?

Probation officers supervise the offenders by law and ensure they do not engage in another offense. Officer help offenders to transition from criminals back to normal citizens by giving them an opportunity to change their life.

  1. Why did the powers to be move from the punitive model in corrections to the rehabilitative model. Explain in detail


With the rehabilitative model, corrections can transform criminals into law abiding citizens. Rehabilitation is based on the assumption that people commit crime due to the influence of some factors. Therefore, through rehabilitation, the behavior of an individual can be fixed.

  1. Define why correctional officers go through a basic training.

Basic training allows the correctional officer to learn relevant laws and ethical standards, fitness, how to use firearms and to work in a simulated prison environment.

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