Leadership encompasses the ability to inspire or influence followers towards contributing creatively towards solving problems. Conversely, management refers to the process of getting people together to achieve organizational goals by using the available resources efficiently.
The traditional correctional administration emphasizes on segregation, punishment, and isolation of criminals from the community.
In traditional administration, the correctional officer provides protection from the public and makes prison life unpleasant for prisoners. Conversely, in the modern administration, correctional officers try to rehabilitate inmate. They emphasize on offender reform by treating them well.
Mission entails the central purpose for the existence of the prison department. It provides a description of the prison department and its overall intention. For instance, the leadership in the prison department may have a mission to create a safer environment for staff and prisoners by holding offenders accountable. The vision describes how the prison department would appear in the future and it is shown in the actions, values, beliefs and goals of the department’s leaders.
First, Rules and regulations are important to keep staff and prisoners safe. Rules are used to hold offenders accountable for their actions, and this will prevent harm to other people. Second, rules ensure fairness and respect for the rights of people. Rules ensure both the offender and the offended get justice. Third, rules maintain discipline.
Diversity helps to eliminate stereotyped preconceptions in prison facilities. Moreover, it enhances respect and engages critical thinking among different groups while strengthening their relationship.
Probation officers supervise the offenders by law and ensure they do not engage in another offense. Officer help offenders to transition from criminals back to normal citizens by giving them an opportunity to change their life.
With the rehabilitative model, corrections can transform criminals into law abiding citizens. Rehabilitation is based on the assumption that people commit crime due to the influence of some factors. Therefore, through rehabilitation, the behavior of an individual can be fixed.
Basic training allows the correctional officer to learn relevant laws and ethical standards, fitness, how to use firearms and to work in a simulated prison environment.
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