Undoubtedly, human beings have introduced extremely many chemicals in the environment. Many of the chemicals are as a result of agricultural and industrial waste despite others having been designed to eradicate both pests and weed. Consequently, oceans which are the world’s water supplies are being treated like toxic water bumps and sewage. Despite how inert a chemical may seem, if it combines with another after improper disposal into the ocean, the result is a toxic pollutant (Rochman, Kurobe, Flores & Teh, 2014). Therefore, Oceans brings much-needed solutions to the earth.
Among the ocean’s complex chemical mixtures is the Endocrine disrupting chemical (EDC). The chemical is a sort of hormone involved direct in disrupting, competing and mimicking of synthesis, turnover, and transportation of hormones in living things. However, there are high chances of both permanent changes and transient in the endocrine system in case of non-linear or low-exposure to Endocrine Disrupting Chemical. The Endocrine-Disrupting chemical is a result of pharmaceutical use on both livestock and humans which are later washed into water bodies (Rochman, Kurobe, Flores & Teh, 2014). Many losses of various aquatic species have been as a result of Endocrine disrupting chemical. The immune functioning, development, metabolism, and reproduction are the most affected by EDCs. Besides they increase disease and infection susceptibility or rather hormone-sensitive cancers. EDCs are in a soluble form. Hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH) which is a compound of Endocrine-disrupting Chemical is used in the manufacture of insecticides in the manufacturing industries (Rochman, Kurobe, Flores & Teh, 2014).
The concentration of Endocrine-disrupting Chemicals in Oceans
There is a water concentration of between 0.5 μg/l – 2.5 μg/l as per scientists, which have been proved acutely toxic to aquatic organisms such as crabs, shrimp, and fish. However, in the ocean, EDCs contributes to 50% induction varied from 2.5 to 7.3 μM in concentration (Rochman, Kurobe, Flores & Teh, 2014). That is 2.5E-6m(s) and 7.3E-6m(s). Therefore, Ocean helps to detoxify the chemicals making them less toxic. The ability of most animals to survive in the Ocean can be associated with the oceans ‘detoxification ability which brings a solution to most challenges facing the earth. Oceans also help to regulate the world’s climate.
Rochman, C. M., Kurobe, T., Flores, I., & Teh, S. J. (2014). Early warning signs of endocrine disruption in adult fish from the ingestion of polyethylene with and without sorbed chemical pollutants from the marine environment. The science of the Total Environment, 493, 656-661.