Politics Related

In the film, out in the night, both race and sexuality play significant roles in the aspects concerning the legal case and the experiences. Their main focus is to illustrate an interdisciplinary academic field towards understanding the importance of social justice. Their main concern is to put women and some other marginalized groups at the center of inquiry. More particularly, they suggest some of the changes that should be done to improve the rights of women. For instance, the writer uses them as a way to rebalance the societal transformation of knowledge y challenging the truth and the facts that are overwhelming the society. By so doing, they are bringing new and integrated knowledge to cater to all perspectives of the marginalized group.

More so, the author uses the terms race and sexuality to demonstrate the extent of androcentrism in society.  In the story, everything is under the control of men.  In short, everything in the community is surrounded by men to the extent that women have no rights to express their demands and needs.

Also, the purpose of the terms is to reveal both the first, second, and third wave feminism.  The first wave feminism seeks to address both suffrage and the rights of women. It is one way or another condemns abolitionists and all individuals who support capital punishment and slavery.  The second wave feminism discourages inequality in families and the workplace by anticipating for equal rights for property and freedom for women being reproductive.  In its theme, it enables the society to be aware that it is time for social movements and also the period for equal civil rights to all members of the community. Furthermore, the author uses the terms race and sexuality to manifests the absence, trivialization, and misrepresentation of women primarily from the positions of power.

The role of colonialism and gender in Lianne Simpson’s discussion of gender and violence?

It illustrates the coloniality of gender that builds upon the coloniality of power. Its leading role is to influence other knowledge and different forms of life.  It acts as a discriminatory discourse which is highly reflected in both social and economic structures of modern societies.  In the discussion, gender represents heterosexual contestation that is beyond sexual access. Therefore, the role of the gender in the discussion is to act as a framework that seeks to address the subjection and disempowerment of the colonized women.

From a broad perspective pertaining to the coloniality of gender, colonization aims at creating rapid alterations on the indigenous sense of identity by establishing an understanding of gender relations and cosmology.  In so doing, colonization as discussed, strives to impose a precise knowledge of gender and sex by eliminating earlier conceptualizations of sex that pre-existed in the colonial gender systems of Europeans. More so, the concept of gender and colonization acts as a tool that strives to dominate and designate binary oppositions and the entire hierarchical social categories.  In the discussion, the author defines women by pointing out their subordinate relation to men in their whole categories. In general, colonialization creates a concept of gender and race that is evident in many arts f the countries.  As a result, the imposition of race and gender, and colonization had some social impacts such as inferiorisation of women.

According to the discussion, colonization itself is seen as an act that is gender-based. In other words, it is a gendered act.  Gender represents how colonization and violence were greatly overwhelmed by men.  For instance, during colonization the rape of women is regarded as being normal and the critical part of the conquest.  Moreover, the implementation of both the concepts of colonialisation and gender marks an vital approach that identifies and categorizes women as inferior in society than the men who are dominant in all situations. Gender roles discrepancies represent an essential injury risk aspect that in one way on another would protect any act of violence at the highest order.

Who disappears in the essay “Palestinian Women’s Disappearing Act” by Amal Amireh and what is the author’s argument about why this disappearance occurs?

In the essay, it is the women who disappear. There are several reasons for their disappearance. However, the main reason revolves around gender discrimination by the society they are living in.  The women are viewed as the victims for many occurrences that take place in society. Mainly, women are the potential victims of the killer society that does not recognize their rights.  The security for the women was not quite enough to sustain them in the existing community. In most of their living, the life of a woman was becoming endangered day by day.  The street harassments were becoming the order of the day to the extent that women were afraid to travel alone.   They were much worried about the consequences they would readily face which were of course very rare to men.

More so, women were paying more for basically everything, unlike men. Women not only dealt wit6h a wage gap, but they also paid “pink tax.”  They were working under a lot of pressure. For instance, they were expected to produce much regardless of their poor working conditions. In other words, they faced enormous pressure which required them to perform well.

Furthermore, women’s interests were much devalued.  All activities they participated in were devalued to an extent it lost status in the eyes of the society.  In all occupations where women joined, were later on seen to have lost respect by men. Therefore, women could not tolerate such a demolorisation, and therefore they decided to disappear.

Women were blamed and termed to be the cause for all malpractices in society.  Nobody was ready to listen to them mainly when they tried to explain how patriarchy was hurting the women.  Men and the surrounding members of the community believed that all misogyny experienced by the women was all in their head and hence they had to cope with them. Most disappointing is that women were facing strong impunity from the government. The society was not laying little accountability in addressing the violence that was against the women.  As seen in the story, women greatly lacked the political will, inadequate allocations of resources, and limited legal protections.

Barbara Christian discusses “hieroglyphics” in relationship to Black theorization. Explain her argument.

She evaluates motherhood as a sacred aspect by suggesting that it is an important spiritual component of the life of a woman.  She examines argues that motherhood is a repeated theme whereby motherhood is a lifelong commitment. From her perception, her framing of the west thoughts reveals an understanding that the entire issue of literary theory is part and parcel of the existing problems concerning gender, race, and sexuality.  they acquired the ideas from different sources that the western thought is in opposition and seeks to silence the voices of minorities so that they can embrace their western culture.  However, she argues that minority should not be the center for philosophical presupposition.  To establish a precise understanding of all interesting interpretations of all selected texts. She feels that there are no clear solutions that can address a specific genre of literature effectively.

She also feels that there is a necessity to understand that black people also provides essential information that can be integrated into critical analysis. As a result, people require happiness and pleasure that is important when it comes to the organizations of individual’s imaginings of liberation. People living in happiness have an excellent opportunity to utilize limited resources so that they can live quite an admirable life.  More so, she suggests that there is a need to make close relations with individuals who can add value to the growth of another individual and try as much as possible to avoid racialized and any gendered problems that are frequently laid on black people.

Barbara Christian’s article is titled “A Race for Theory” – discuss how this title is a play on words and how it relates to her argument about what it means to create the theory

It offers a series of thoughts on the viability of African American literary theory. In other words, it illustrates how literary theory can be applied to African American texts and further seeks to note some of its benefits by so doing.  Her arguments are quite insightful. For instance, her belief is confined to an idea that literary theory has evolved to be a tool to educate. More so, she argues that the literary theory to some extent has become a commodity for exchange. It means it can be bought and sold as well as being used as an alternative motive.  In her lines, she argues that the theory has emerged to be an item that determines whether individuals are promoted or hired in any academic institutions.

She uses the above line to explain that literary theory has embraced a conventional approach that prevents readers from making a full appreciation about the literature. She adds that Christian beliefs are concerning literary theory are some of the factors that are hindering the survival of female and the general African American literary tradition.

She assumes that literary theory is a way of providing essential responses to the literary works of African American.  Additionally, she argues that the only way of filling the Christian void in race theory is to keep reading. She confirms that our theorization is highly inclined on narrative forms and some of our stories which we create. According to her perception, christen have a blatant fear when they presume that the idea of race theory is getting fixed. Moiré so, she feels that there are great difficulties in women’s writing especially in publishing their literature and their academia in general.

  1. Choose any concept from Barbara Christian’s article and explain the author’s ideas behind this concept

The essence and identity of Christianity

In the above concept, the main focus of the author is to teach to the universe about the importance and the identity of Christianity. The author reveals that for one to achieve Christianity identity, one must possess a tradition faith that has a figure of Jesus Christ.  In the author’s description, he/she foresees faith as an aspect that is more than a system of religious belief (Ford III, N.p).  As a result, he tries to investigate how Christianity identity has generated culture, artifacts, and other important ways of life.

From the authors deep thinking, he comes up with a conclusion that Christianity is both living a tradition of faith and having a culture that that the same faith leaves behind. Again, the primary idea of the author is to relate the church with the community of the people. From his perception, he believes that the church is the primary agent of Christianity. He extends to argue that when people build a church, they form a body of believers.

The author’s notion revolves to the fact that Christianity focuses on Jesus Christ and that it in one way or another brings together individuals practices about a historical dimension.  However, very few Christians can maintain this reference authentic. Although focusing on Jesus is a central figure of Christianity, much is complicated beyond knowing Jesus Christ.  The author illustrates that complexity manifests as a result of different churches and denominations that are components to the modern Christian tradition. Based on the above concept, the author wants to relate Christianity identity with a context of monotheistic religions. In his description, the author tells that for an individual to remain faithful, one has to reject atheism and polytheism.

The most critical element that falls under Christianity identity involves the aspect of redemption or the plan of salvation.  Believers in the church views themselves as being in a plight from which requires a strong rescue or redemption.  For much reason, they have kept themselves away from God and hence they need immediate rescue.  In general, Christianity is confined to a particular experience and the act of saving the creatures of God.

How are gender, body, and property discussed in the chapter “Reproduction in Bondage” by Dorothy Roberts?

Dorothy Roberts offers an authoritative account c0onverning the ongoing practices that concern the property, gender, and society at large on the reproductive rights of black women. Based on an intersection of charged vectors such as property, gender, and reproduction, Roberts reveals that most of the prenatal items are imposed upon women slavery by the white masters.  At some point, the majority of women were unknowingly subjected to coercive sterilization. More so, the black women were imposed into risky procedures such as being introduced into long-acting contraceptives that included Norplant.  The reason for such harmful and hazardous procedures was to punish women who exposed their fetus to drugs.

Roberts argues that the approach of birth control was quite in an oppressive manner. It means, the plan did not adhere to the rights of women.  The pushing or forceful introduction to family planning and unwanted contraceptives to poor women was not the right decision they could have done. Most disappointing, they never did all that without the consent of the women. As a result, in the film, many women appear to be more integral to their culture and their happiness in general. By taking their children away from them seems to be quite traumatic.

The proposal made to address social challenges especially by curbing black reproduction has made3 racial imbalance to look like a product of nature rather than power.  Roberts identifies procreation as the primary cause of black people poverty and worse living conditions.  However, he argues that liberty is a fundamental approach since it protects the rights and choices of citizens. As noted in the film, liberty evades people from direct and egregious abuses from the powers of the government.

Work cited

Ford III, James Edward. “On Black Study and Political Theology.” Cultural Critique 101 (2018): 187-219.


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