With the many complexities surrounding the United States laws for immigration, many individuals face challenges as regards admission into the country. Homeland security updates security checks regularly to ensure that the borders are not porous and that all persons follow the rules and regulations laid out by the council. This high level of security allows the council, Congress, together with the president to determine the number of individuals eligible for admission every year, including temporary permits, permanent residents permitted lawfully and also refugees. This paper aims at exploring the various principles that govern the entry of immigrants into the United States and, how the immigration system works.
One of the essential elements of the admittance of persons into the country is uniting them with their families. Policies allow legal residents of the US bring in particular members of their families to the state. In this category, there exists an eligibility criterion that functions to categorize people further into two subgroups; immediate relatives, and those in the family preference system. Close relatives include spouses, children, and parents of the citizens, who must meet the specific qualifications laid out in the applications (Means).
The system operates under the direct scrutiny of the Congress who update the methods and numbers used. In this family-based structure, the process starts with 480,000, and then the panel subtracts a summation the number of close relatives awarded visas and the totals for paroled aliens into the US. It then sums the figure with the remaining opportunities from the previous years and then determines the chances available for individuals in this category. An American sponsor must satisfy the basic requirements stipulated by the law. They should first petition for the relation, authenticate the accuracy of the claimed relationship and confirm their responsibility for the persons upon their arrival.
It remains imperative to the administration of the United States that the immigration department admit individuals with specific sets of skills, who can provide rare services that will promote the growth and development of the country and ultimately boost the economy. This principle allows for the admittance of two categories of people, those applying for permanent immigration and those seeking visas temporarily. The foundations of this principle provide that employers can petition for the admission of foreigners into the country for specific job positions for restricted periods. These individuals usually are under scrutiny not to change jobs or overstay. There exist different types of visas that may include up to but not limited to entertainers, religious personnel, diplomatic workers and those for cater for different skill levels.
There is a limited statistical figure of 140,000 for individuals applying for permanent admission into the United States every year. This category has five subgroups where an applicant must fit to be able to petition for this type of Visa. Here, individuals should; exhibit above-average abilities in academics, business, athletics or arts, professionals with exceptional credentials like advanced degrees, be university graduates with more than two years of experience, be qualified investors or, special-needs immigrants (Council).
Another principle for legal admittance involves individuals who are unable to journey back to their respective nations because of disasters, ongoing wars or other rare occasions that may prove to life-threatening to the persons. This classification includes refugees, people seeking asylum, and, other threatened populations. Refugees may petition for admission on the grounds of well-defined threats of pending prosecution that may come about as a result of their race, ethnicity, the subscription to particular opinions, their religious status, or, their membership to specific social groups. On the other hand, the state affords asylum to people who are already residing within the country’s borders but are incapable of returning to their homelands for similar reasons as those of refugees. Here, the state has no set proportion for people seeking this type of legal confirmation of residence. Persons have a limited period of 12 months after their entry to apply for asylum, and, may apply for permanent residency after one year.
Limitations per country policy work towards the effect desired by the diversity visa program. In this category individuals from regions that produce less than fifty thousand immigrants to the US within a stated period of five years are eligible. Allocations are random, and individuals win the diversity visas after selection by a computer program designed for the process. These type of permits have a different distribution process and only benefit regions like Africa and Eastern Asia due to the regions’ lower rates of confirmed immigration.
However, a country cannot produce over 7% of the number of the overall number of immigrants into the country per year. This limit functions to ensure that cultural diversity remains a priority and, groups with large numbers do not undermine the desired effect of the initiative. Other forms of legal permit for residency may include individuals with deferred deportation and those afforded protected status due to extraordinary conditions in the home countries. All individuals would qualify for citizenship through naturalization if they had a green card or more than five years or, three, in the event where the person acquired it through a spouse. These applicants must display consistency in residency, good morals and, pass specific exams in English and History (Council).
The US Immigration system works in many ways to implement the various policies that govern the admission of immigrants into the United States. It applies the multiple procedures in the quest to unify families, improve the country’s economy by bringing in exceptional talent in different fields, performing humanitarian responsibilities like protection of refugees and, advocating for diversity. All this to guarantee the growth and development of the country and to ensure that individuals residing in the country are in good terms with the law of the United States.
Council, American Immigration. “How The United States Immigration System Works”. American Immigration Council, 2019, https://www.americanimmigrationcouncil.org/research/how-united-states-immigration-system-works.
Means, What It. “THE US IMMIGRATION SYSTEM: Principles, Interests, and Policy Proposals to Guide Long-Term Reform.” (2018).
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