Alberti – On Painting
The book explores the work of Leon Battista Alberti on painting including Della pittura which is the first modern treatise on painting theory.Indeed, the work of Alberti provided the way to the modern era by making a return to the middle ages impossible. Alberti advocates for a formula in which art is achieved through a master and apprentice system. Accordingly, Della pittura developed as one of the chief sources for later treatises on the art of painting. The academies were too strongly attracted to the treatises that they damaged its current interpretation through continued obsession. Della pittura, as are other works by Alberti, is not based solely on citations drawn from antique texts.The fact that Alberti expressed interest in a series of subjects such as pontiff duties and painting depicted him as one among the very first geniuses.
Alberti is characterized as having been better equipped for the task of writing a treatise compared to other humanists of the time.In particular, his interest in art and control, of words set him apart from his literary friends. Consequently, Della pittura takes on a positive approach by adopting citations from, ancient authors while using mathematical proof in the demonstrations.Despite his success and contribution to the discipline of art, Alberticannot be considered a philosopher because he lacked a system.Alberti’s method assumes that knowledge is first derived from sensory perceptions which are then compared with each other and related to man to derive general conclusions. Consequently, mathematical models are used in testing and applying the derived conclusions. It is the use of these mathematical logic that reassures readers of the stability of Alberti’s treatise.
The Perspective of the world
The paper dissects the concept of world economiesusing the variables of space and time. It focuses on the divisions of space and time within the European economy within a theoretical function.The author attempts to locate the economy in time and space and its interactions with otherconcepts such as politics, society and culture. With regard to geographical space, it influences all historical realities as well as phenomena that are spatially defined. The world economy and a world economy are defined differently to reflect the entire world and a segment of the world respectively. In particular, a world economy is a sum of individualized areas, both economic and uneconomic, that it brings together.Just as there have always been societies, empires and states, there have also been world economies such as the ancient Phoenicia. Consequently, the article embarks on a journey of historical discovery by identifying subsequent examples of world economies over time.
In discussing world economies, the paper lays some ground rules that are used in determining world economies. The first rule dictates that the boundaries of any world economy change only slowly. These boundaries are marked by the start of another world economy such that they are identifiable through natural barriers or no-man’s lands.The second rule assumes that dominant capitalist cities lie within the center of any world economy and which serves as the heart of its activity. Still, dominant cities do not take eternity in their dominance but take turns in their leadership. For instance, the replacement of London by New York in dominance is one such replacement that interrupted the calm flow of history. Despite the constant change of leadership, the power and influence of cities may vary depending on their strengths and successes.The third rule asserts that there is always a hierarchy of zones within a world economy with lasting connections once established.
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