Born in 1918 as an Upper Egyptian, Mohammed Anwar Sadat grew to become the third president of Egypt. From a young age, he was influenced by revolutionaries who resisted British invasion in Egypt. In this respect, he had heroes in the likes of Zahran whose stories introduced him to nationalism. Mohammed Anwar Al-Sadat later became an army officer and was influential in fighting off the British invasion of his native country. In 1970, he was elected as the third president of Egypt where he served until his assassination in 1981. During his presidency, Mohammed Sadat changed the country’s trajectory from one full of Nasserism to one of a multiparty system (Joshua, 2016). In his third year as president, Mohammed Sadat led Egypt in regaining the Sinai Peninsula thus earning him praise across the Arab World. In 1978, he engaged his country into negotiations with Israel which had earlier occupied the Sinai Peninsula. The talks of 1978 culminated in the peace deal referred to as the Egypt-Israel Peace Treaty. The success of the peace deal earned him, together with Israel’s prime minister, the Nobel Peace prize for their efforts to ensure peace. Despite the success that he achieved in making peace with Israel, the Arab World would later reject his leadership on the basis that he had not consulted them in making the peace deal with Israel. To the other countries, his efforts were seen to be preventing the formation of a Palestinian state. In 1979, his country was banned from the Arab League after he failed to reconcile with the other countries. In 1981, the president was killed by his opponents because of the policies that he initiated with Israel and United States.
Joshua Stacher. “Egypt Running on Empty | Middle East Research and Information Project.” Egypt Running on Empty | Middle East Research and Information Project. 8 Mar. 2016. Web. 10 Mar. 2016.
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