What Aspects of Public Health Lead to the Perception that it primarily Functions for the Poor and Disadvantaged through Publicly Owned Hospitals and Clinics?
Even though the public health system performs a wide range of functions in the society, the common understanding of their roles through what they are commonly seen to be engaged with the public has contributed to the notion that they only function for the poor and the less fortunate individuals in the society. Some of the commonly known roles of the public health officers which have led to the propagation of this notion are offering childhood immunization in public places, inspection of restaurants and testing of the public drinking water. Apparently, we can, therefore, attribute the general notion that the public health system works mainly for the poor and less fortunate individuals in the society in the public places to the inability of the people to understand the roles of public health officers and lack of information regarding the same.
Core Responsibilities of the State Health Departments
- The implementation of the various prevention programs which are meant to help the public stay healthy by not victims of the existing diseases or virulent circumstances. Some of the prevention programs which are managed by the public health officers include disease surveillance, newborn screening programs, and tobacco quitlines.
- Engaging the public with the professional healthcare services which require special skills such as food service inspection and disease outbreak inspection which requires a level of expertise which is not readily available, expensive to hire at the local level, or entails overseeing the functions of the local public health officers.
- Administration of the public health licenses, controlling health care, health facilities and public food services.
- Monitoring funds and resources which have been allocated for healthcare purposes to ensure that they are distributed equitably and used effectively within the community.
- They are collecting and analyzing important statistics within the state such as health indicators and morbidity data for specified threats to public health such as cancer and other diseases.
- Offering essential community health services throughout the state irrespective of the capacities or available resources within the local health departments.
- Investigating the arising cases of disease outbreaks, potential environmental risks such as oil spillages and other health emergencies within the public domain.
- Carrying out the statewide health evaluation, improvement, and planning.
The Responsibility Differences between the State Public Health Officers and the Local Public Health Officers.
The local public health officers complete the following roles within the local areas
- Elucidation of specific health issues within the community as well as how the social, environmental, economic, physical and behavioral conditions affect them.
- Conducting investigations on existing health threats and health problems.
- Minimizes prevents and contains the extreme health issues which ranges from communicable diseases, outbreak of diseases which ori