The Relationship between Global Capitalism and Fundamentalist Religious Movements

The Relationship between Global Capitalism and Fundamentalist Religious Movements

Fundamentalist religious movements refer to movements that focus on reforming society by changing political configurations, morality, laws and social norms so that they are in line with the religious tenets. Their goal is to create a more traditional society. Conversely, global capitalism refers to a system that transcends nations and all its aspects such as production, governance, accumulation and class relations have been integrated into a global form. Global capitalism and fundamentalist religious movements are concepts that have shaped the world. Regarding the relationship between the two, global capitalism is responsible for the emergence of fundamentalist religious movements such as the Islamic fundamentalism. Due to global capitalism, the traditional social structures of Islamic societies change since globalization offers them new roles and functions. Therefore, the success of religious fundamentalism has been due to their reaction against globalization (Armstrong 41). They seek to preserve their traditional values and structures.

Although globalization gave rise to fundamentalist religious movements, it is currently considered a threat to their identity. Fundamentalists perceive global capitalism as the cause of the downfall of their movements. US Protestants and other Christian fundamentalists see the world as wicked, and they think that international organizations and modern groups such as the League of Nations and the European Union are an antichrist (Armstrong 43). Similarly, radical Muslims have the same notion that global capitalism is a threat to them. According to fundamentalist religious movements, global capitalism is a system that focuses on protecting and pursuing the interest of particular classes. Globalization uses beautified symbols to obscure the effort bourgeois class. Moreover, due to global capitalism, free trade rules create open markets for multinational companies in Islamic states, and this enhances greed and oppression.


Work Cited

Armstrong, Karen. “Resisting modernity: The Backlash against secularism.” Harvard International Review 25.4 (2004): 40-45.

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