Research Questions

Limitations and Recommendation for Further Research

Firstly, this research is classified as a non-experimental study because the survey’s conditions are not tailor-made to discover any causation. One can only identify differences and linkages between the existing variables. The researchers chose convenience sampling to take care of the limited cost and time. Thus, the readers should be careful with the findings since they are not actually representative as required in such studies. There is also a need for worry about the defects associated with questionnaires since the participants might tend to manipulate the answers.

Another possible flaw is that only thirty percent of those interviewed in Saudi Arabia were finalising their A-level studies. Thus, since they were in the final years, they might be unsure of which careers they were to engage in after school. Therefore, this is a possible cause of bias, which limits the results. The next limitation is that the survey only engaged students meaning that getting information regarding their parents’ choice of occupation or career has been overlooked. The parents could have beenengaged instead.

To deal with the limitations highlighted earlier, it is recommendable to conduct a more substantial investigation which would involve a representative sample to ascertain the outcomes. This will allow for generalisation. Additionally, there is a need to interview students from both state and private secondary schools in the country since they have different preferences and exposures. This will also involve economic (Wirtschaftsgymnasium) and general educating (Allgemeinbildendes Gymnasium) secondary schools located in entire Saudi Arabia. Moreover, while dealing with the parent’s professions, the researchers would engage them since they are sure of their occupations. This would, therefore, increase the reliability of the data. For future research, there is a need to know that protection and care are required when handling minors during the survey such as demanding procedures.


The recommendations offered in this section are fashioned at making changes in the Saudi Arabian education sector for a better future. The focal point involves the interaction between the learning institutions in question and how they meet the requirements therein. Therefore, the recommendations are based on the primary concern of institutional differentiation. Through this endorsement, there is a need to treat institutions of higher education as the major subjects for the differentiation. Additionally, the organisational activity which acts as a hindrance to the realisation of greater differentiation will be highlighted in order to give room for a better way of handling it. Recently, it has been requested that institutions of higher learning should develop their unique “brand,” which is not synonymous with organisational activity. This should not be treated as a mere marketing gimmick. Instead, it should be used as a ladder to arrive at crucial results that would better the position of the institution of higher learning.

The objectives, social functions, and organisational activity in various institutions of higher learning differ from those of corporate companies. It is also crucial to ensure unity in institutions of higher learning since they are the determinants of the qualitative aspects that arise from differentiation. As institutions try to structure their way of doing things, conflicts then arise, and there should be a mutual understanding between the schools and the management to create a meaningful balance. In the future, it is crucial to conduct more extensive interviews to obtain results which are highly accurate. Since the study involves many large cities, it is essential to ensure that future research is thorough and include all the institutions of learning.

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