Assessment of epilepsy is crucial especially after a seizure attacks a patient. The assessment should be done shortly after the incidence for results to be obtained. The nurse should conduct a neurological examination and analysis of the patient’s situation to identify the degree of stroke attack to a patient and its location in the body. The patient must be assessed of any symptoms of seizures through the reports by twitching hand muscles. The nurse should also consider using an oral airway which will aid the victim in oxygen circulation and ensure that the victim lied lies on the bed in such a low position that the side rail faces upwards.
Additionally, the nurse should stay with the patient to ensure security due to the effects of seizures on the patient. This is to ensure that the patient is free from injuries and maintains a good position while observing the seizures. The nurse should also make sure that any tight clothes worn are loosened. During the seizure activity, the nurse should assess the respiration and pulse situations of the patient appropriately. If the pulses are present, then the patient should be turned sideways while removing secretions by use of suction (6).
The electroencephalogram (EEG) is primary for assessing victims of seizures. This is due to the essence that is depicted by the EEG during the study of seizures. The fundamental EEG depiction is focal slowing (17). The EEG, therefore, aid nurses to administer the appropriate diagnosis to the patient. The EEG is also essential for the provision of information regarding the seizure activities that occur in the patients’ brain during the test period. EEG is key towards the identification of the patient’s thoughts thus referred to as the brain wave test
Valencia, Ignacio. “Epilepsy in systemic autoimmune disorders.” Seminars in Pediatric Neurology. Vol. 21. No. 3. WB Saunders, 2014.