Chapter 1: King Xerxes threw a grand party but his wife, Queen Vashti, refused to attend. She was banned from the king’s presence, and the search of a new queen began.
Chapter 2: Esther is forced to participate in the contest to choose the new queen, and she is chosen. The last few verses talk about how her uncle (Mordecai) heard a plot to kill the king and informed the queen (Esther) who told the authority. Those involved were hanged.
Chapter 3: One of the King Chief Servant known as Haman was infuriated by Mordecai because he refused to bow down at him. He then sought to destroy the Jews, and he thus convinced the king to pass on the law for genocide against the Jewish. The king passed it without knowledge; it will affect the queen.
Chapter 4: The Jews started mourning and fasting because of the law. Esther was requested by Mordecai to go before the king and plead for mercy on their behalf. She was afraid she would be killed as it was the custom. So she requested the Jews to fast and pray.
Chapter 5: Esther went before the presence of the king who accepted her and asked what her request was. She requested to prepare a meal for him and Haman. When they come, she invited once again to the meal the following day. Haman ordered the making of a gallows in order to kill Mordechai
Chapter 6: The honoring of Mordechai after the king noticed he did not honor him publicly for saving his life. The humiliation of Haman as he gives the idea of honoring and is ordered to honor his sworn enemy.
Chapter 7: Esther makes a request to the king after being offered half the kingdom. She told the king that she and her people were to be killed by wicked Haman. This infuriated the king, and when he went out to breathe some air and come only to find Haman on Esther’s bed begging he ordered he be taken out and hang on the gallows, he was making for Mordechai.
Chapter 8: Mordechai revealed as the Foster father to Esther and given a ring previously held by Haman as the right-hand man of the king. Esther was given rule over the house of Haman. The salvation of the Jews.
Chapter 9: the Purim celebration after the Jews enemy had been killed all over the country. Esther requested that Haman son be hanged in the gallows made by their father.
Chapter 10: The king determined that Mordechai was a great man among the Jews and the Persians.
Four Character traits.
Secretive- She did not tell anyone she was a Jew as instructed by his foster father (cousin).
Obedient- She did obey Mordechai request not to tell anyone that she was a Jew. During the feast she obeyed her husband when asked what she would want.
Wise- When she was told to ask for favor from the king, she did not go straight to the point but come a plan and thus invited him for a feast.
Faith in God: She told the Jews to fast and pray as she prayed to in preparation to go before the king presence.
Secretive: he did not tell anyone that Esther was a Jew and also asked her not to tell anyone.
Humble- he show he is humble by providing humble responses in chapter 4:1-2.
Observant, Loyal- in 2:21-23 he reveals a plot to kill the King as he had overheard during his activities.
Caring: He mourned because of the Jews and also took care of Esther when her parents perished.
Faith in God: He cried to God while wearing sack clothes when he heard what Haman was planning to do to the Jews. He also believed that God would deliver Jews either through Esther or another way.
Proud. This is portrayed in Esther 3; 1-6, 5; 9-14, 6; 1-9. He was infuriated that Mordechai couldn’t kneel for him and thus planned to punish by killing the Jews.
Hate & Bitterness: In 3:6-15. It is clear that Haman hated the Jews and had there were anti-sematic feelings through the kingdom.
Apologetic: He tried to apologize to Esther when she said he was the enemy and saw the king was really angry.
A very determined person.
Wise and considerate. When the Queen refused to appear during the feast he did not take a drastic decision but consulted the wise men.
Highly Tempered: He was enraged that Haman was planning to kill the Jew and he had to go out for some air. When he come back and saw Haman apologizing at Esther bed, he was infuriated even more and ordered that he be killed.
Grateful: he was grateful and thankful to Mordechai for his life by giving the information that brought to an end the plan for his assassination.
Describe the author, date, audience, unique qualities and God grace (Christ) in the book of Esther.
The book does not name it author but it can be thought to be set in the period between 486 B.C and 474 B.C. The book can be seen as to describe disobedience. It shows Gods care for his people. The grace of God is seen when Esther goes before the king. Customary she was entitled to death as nobody goes before the king without him calling them.
The purpose of Esther Book
The book is meant to pass a message that God has a plan for our lives as he had with the lives of Esther and Mordechai. In Esther 4:14 Mordechai words sums it all that God already has a plan. The next lesson can be to teach us that we have divine moments that are set for us in order to alter circumstances. The book can also teach us that Fating and prayers bring clarity and even the hope of deliverance. Through prayers and fasting Esther was able to go before the King and even ask for a favor.
Ironies in the Book of Esther.
The first irony comes inform of Vashti disobedience. Her misfortunes becomes the fortunes of Esther who is chosen to take her place as the Queen. The second is when Esther goes before the king despite being culturally wrong and in doing so she receives a royal favor. Vashti loses her crown in a banquet (1; 3, 12) while Esther is crowned at a banquet (2; 17-18). The destruction of Haman was self-made as he was seeking for the death of Mordechai, but ended dying even on the garrows that he ordered made.