Teaching Questions


Identify the legal requirements of the Individualized Family Service Plan (IFSP).  Identify the legal requirements of the Individualized Education Program (IEP).  Discuss the broader functions of the IFSP and IEP processes. This question assesses performance relative to course objective 1. (4 points)

The Individualized family service plan (IFSP) is a program involved in planning and recording involvement services that are critical for toddlers with any disability as required by the law. The programs record information of the family with much focus on the needs of the family. Some of the things needed from the family are the statements of the resources of the family; everything concerned with the toddlers’ development and the families priorities. The IFSP is revised after every six months to incorporate any changes in the toddler needs. In addition, the IFSP also includes the services and outcomes already achieved in respect to the toddler. The program records and plans the special education services for children aged three to twenty-one years. The programs team includes teachers, local education agencies, parents and all other stakeholders. The information recorded includes child’s education level, annual and academic goals and the milestones towards the achievement of the yearly objectives.

IEP on its part occurs either annually or at the discretion of the parent. The team has to identify the child’s achievements are areas of focus. Consider a child aged five years and only knows the names of a few objects. Is to name 80 objects, it is hard to measure the achievements. Thus, it needs to be broken to smaller pieces. This can be done by making monthly quarterly goals. This will ensure the objectives are specific, easy to measure and guide daily instruction. When developing a goal, it has to be based on any future plans, behaviors that affect learning negatively, past and projected development rates of the child and the current potential of the child.

IFSP is the road map to family’s involvement in early childhood intervention. It lays out the services the baby should receive and what results should be expected by the team. It boosts a child’s development up to the age of 3 years. IEP on the other hand is a plan for special education and other related services. It serves children aged 3 to 21 years. as IFSP concentrated on development, IEP concentrates on special development.


Based on the readings in the CDE Handbook on Developing & Implementing ECSE Programs, describe the Models of Service Delivery for infants and toddlers age birth to 3 and preschool age children.  Discuss the benefits of inclusive programs and providing services in natural environments. This question assesses performance relative to course objective 2. (4 points)

As described in the CDE handbook, there are models of service delivery from birth to age three in different settings. It is the responsibility of the elected service coordinator to list all services in the children’s IFSP. Depending on the nature and scope of the services to be provided by LEA, group services can be offered to a few children at a time. At times, the LEA can give services to only the children with low-incidence disabilities yearly while the specialized staff works with the families and the other children. Early intervention programs help the children to build relationships with parents and also guide the child’s growth and development. Besides, it is important for the parents and the teachers to work together to ensure the children grow and develop. The early intervention programs are available free of charge for families and children through a regional center or LEA.

In California, the models of service delivery include

  • Services are offered to the children at home
  • Special education for children in publicly funded programs
  • Dual enrollment in special education and childcare program
  • Special education for children in

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